Economic Factors Concerning The Migration Of The Best Educated Workers. The Case Of College Teachers / Wpływ Czynników Ekonomicznych na Migrację Pracowników z Wysokimi Kwalifikacjami. Przykład Pracowników Naukowych na Europejskich Uniwersytetach

Open access

Abstract

The migration flow of highly skilled workers is a growing and changing issue, especially under the economic conditions in recent years. This research focused on the migration of university teachers, a highly skilled collective responsible for the training of future skilled workers and also the innovation of a country through their research. An empirical analysis of migration flow of this collective and its relation with economics factor in Europe in the last decade showed that earnings are a key factor explaining variations in the migration flow of university teachers over time. Furthermore, considering the real purchasing power and the effect of personal taxes, it would be possible to show which countries are more relevant to the decisions of this collective on migration. Thus, the higher the purchasing power, the greater the number of university teachers who migrate to a given country. Hence those countries that keep or increase the earnings level of university teachers, especially during an economic depression, can attract or maintain highly skilled workers. In addition, the results showed that unemployment is a push factor for migration for these best educated workers.

Arah O.A., Ogbu, U.C, and Okeke, C.E. (2008), Too Poor to Leave, Too Rich to Stay: Developmental and Global Health Correlates of Physician Migration to the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom, 'American Journal of Public Health', no. 98.

Aceleanu, M.I. (2011), Indicators of migration and their relevance to employment and quality of life analysis. Romania's situation, 'Management & Marketing Challenges for the Knowledge Society', no. 6.

Bagdanavičius, J. and Jodkoniene, Z. (2008), Brain Drain from Lithuania: the Attitude of Civil Servants, 'Inžinerinė Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 57.

Boman, A. (2011), Does migration pay? Earnings effects of geographic mobility following job displacement, 'Journal Population Economics', no. 24.

Čiarnienė, R. & Kumpikaitė, K. (2011), International Labour Migration: Students Viewpoint, 'Inžinerinė Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 63.

Chun, Y. and Griffith, D. A. (2011), Modelling Network Autocorrelation in Space-Time Migration Flow Data: An Eigenvector Spatial Filtering Approach, 'Annals of the Association of American Geographers', no. 101.

Daugeliene, R. and Marcinkeviciene, R. (2009), Brain Circulation: Theoretical Considerations. 'Inžinerinė Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 22.

De Haas, H. (2010), Migration transitions: a Theoretical and empirical inquiry into the developmental drivers of international migration, International Migration Institute, 24, 11th.

Dreher, A. and Poutvaara, P. (2005), Student Flows and Migration: An Empirical Analysis, Denmark: Centre for Economic and Business Research (CEBR) Copenhagen Business School, discussion paper #1612.

Education, Audio-visual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA), European Commission. Key data on education in Europe 2012 (2012). Retrieve from http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice

European Commission. Eurostat (2015). Economic statistics. Retrieved from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home

European Commission. Eurydice (2012). Retrieved from http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/index_en.php

Fix, M., Papademetriou, D., Batalova, J., Terrazas, A. Yi-Ying Lin, S. and Mittelstadt, M. (2009), Migration and the Global Recession, Washington, DC and London: Migration Policy Institute and the British Broadcasting Corporation.

Glinskienė, R. and Petuškienė, E. (2009), The Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Processes of Lithuanian Remigration and “Brain Drain”, 'Economics and Management', no. 1.

Hawthorne, L. (2009), The growing global demand for students as skilled migrants’. In Bertelsmann Stiftung Migration Policy Institute (Eds.). Talent, Competitiveness and Migration (362-399). Belgium: The Transatlantic Council on Migration.

Jennissen, R. (2003), Economic determinants of net international migration in Western Europe, European Journal of Population, no. 19.

Kaczmarczyk P. and Okólski, M. (2008), Economic impacts of migration on Poland and the Baltic states, Norway: Centre of Migration Research University of Warsaw and Fafo.

Kilijonienė, A., Simanavičienė, Ž. and Simanavičius, A. (2010), The evaluation of social and economic development of the region, 'Inžinerinė Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 21.

Krisciunas, K. and Greblikaite, J. (2007), Entrepreneurship in Sustainable Development: SMEs Innovativeness in Lithuania, 'Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics' no. 4.

Kumpikaitė, V. and Žickutė, I. (2012), Synergy of Migration Theories: Theoretical Insights, 'Inžinerinė Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 23.

Martinoia, M. (2011), European Integration, Labour Market Dynamics and Migration Flows, The European Journal of Comparative Economics, no. 8.

Mihi-Ramírez, A. and Kumpikaitė, V. (2013), The European migration flow in a context of deterioration of economic factors, The case of Spain. Economics and Management, no. 18.

Mixon G. Jr (1992), Factors Affecting College Student Migration across States, 'International Journal of Manpower', no. 13.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2015), Economic statistics.

Retrieved from http://stats.oecd.org/

Papademetriou, D. G. and Sumption, M. (2011), Eight policies to boost the economic contribution of employment-based immigration. Migration Policy Institute http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/competitivenessstrategies-2011.pdf

Rey, A. and Cebrán M. (2010), Population replacement and migration in two Spanish regions during the Twentieth century, 'Population-E', no.65.

Reher, D. and Requena M. (2009), The National Immigrant Survey of Spain: A new data source for migration studies in Europe, 'Demographic Research', no. 20.

Schierup, C., Hansen, P. and Castles, S. (2006), Migration, Citizenship and the European Welfare States. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Schulzek, N. (2012), The impact of welfare systems on immigration: An analysis of welfare magnets as a pull-factor for asylum seekers and labour migrants. Migration Studies Unit. England: London School of Economics and Political Science. England, working paper #2.

Stulgienė, A. and Daunorienė, A. (2009), Influence of Migration on Equilibrium of Labour Force Market, 'Economics and Management', no. 14.

Van der Gaag, N. and Van Wissen, L. (2008), Economic determinants of internal migration rates: A comparison across five European countries, 'Journal of Economic and Social Geography', no. 99.

Vojtovich, S. (2013), The Impact of Emigration on Unemployment in Slovakia, 'Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics', no. 24.

Zhan, K. H. and Song, Z. (2003), Rural-urban migration and urbanization in China: Evidence from time-series and cross-section analyses, 'China Economic Review', no. 14.

Zimmermam, K. F. (1996), European Migration: Push and Pull, 'International Regional Science Review', no. 19.

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.46

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.241
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.366

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 319 214 15
PDF Downloads 111 81 6