Sediments Contamination with Organic Micropollutants: Current State and Perspectives

Open access

Abstract

This study focused on the sediment contamination with some organic micropollutants based on the monitoring data together with available literature in Poland. The following persistent organic pollutants (POPs): polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and chlorinated pesticides (CP) were characterized in sediments with respect to current legislations in force. Based on accessible data, higher PAHs, PCBs and CP concentrations were found in river sediments than in lake sediments. Especially, sediments of the Oder River and its tributary in the southern part of Poland, were highly polluted. In order to minimize the risk of the secondary pollution of surface waters, it is necessary to introduce consolidated management system with sediments proceeding. Furthermore, it is also of great importance to elaborate specific regulations concerning conditions of sediments management.

1. The state environment monitoring programme for the years 2016-2020, GIOŚ, Warsaw 2015 [in Polish] .

2. Report on the state of the rivers’ and lakes’ sediments contamination in 2009 year in Poland [in Polish] http://ekoinfonet.gios.gov.pl/

3. Report on the state of the rivers’ and lakes’ sediments contamination in 2010 year [in Polish] http://ekoinfonet.gios.gov.pl/

4. Report on the state of the rivers’ and lakes’ sediments contamination in 2011 year [in Polish] http://ekoinfonet.gios.gov.pl/

5. Report on the state of the rivers’ and lakes’ sediments contamination in 2012 year [in Polish] http://ekoinfonet.gios.gov.pl/

6. Environment Protection 2015, Central Statistical Office, Regional and Environmental Surveys Department, Warsaw 2015 [in Polish].

7. Bojakowska I., Sokołowska G.: Geochemical Classes of Cleaning Sediments, Prz. Geol., 46, 49-53 (1998). [in Polish]

8. Dembska G., Grynkiewicz M., Wiśniewski, Aftanas S. B.: Physical and Chemical Investigations of the State of the Gdańsk Dumping Ground as a Site for Disposing Sea-Area Dredged Spoils, Ochr. Pow. i Probl. Odpadów, 38, 10-19 (2004). [in Polish]

9. Malina G., Smit M., Grotenhuis T.: The Initial Risk Assessment and Emission Control from Contaminated Sediments, Ecohydrology&Hydrobiology, 6, 213-218 ( 2006).

10. Korte N.A.: Guide for the Technical Evaluation of Environmental Data, Technomic Publishing Comp.Inc: Lancaster, USA (1999).

11. Włodarczyk-Makuła M.: Physical and chemical fates of organic micropollutants, Scholar-Press, Saarbrucken, Germany, ISBN 978-3-639-85930-0 (2015).

12. Włodarczyk-Makuła M., Popenda A.: Quantative changes of PAHs in water and wastewater during Treatment Processes, in Wastewater treatment, Occurrence and fate of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), CRC press, Taylor&Francis Group, 47-70 (2015).

13. Janosz-Rajczyk M., Wiśniowska E., Włodarczyk-Makuła M., Popenda A.: PAHs in Organic Waste - Levels and Removal Possibilities in Pathways of Pollutants and Mitigation Strategies of their Impact on the Ecosystems, Komitet Inżynierii Środowiska PAN: Lublin, Poland (2004).

14. Grotenhuis T., Malina G., Satijn H.M.C, Smit M.P.J., Popenda A.: Surface Water as Receptor for Persistent Organic Pollutants and Heavy Metals, [In:]Proceedings of the 8th International FZK/TNO Conference on Contaminated Soil, ConSoil, Gent, Belgium, May (2003).

15. Anitescu G., Tavlarides L.L.: Supercritical Extraction of Contaminants from Soils and Sediments, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 38, 167-180 (2006).

16. Tang N.H., Myers T.E.: PCB Removal from Contaminated Dredged Material, Chemosphere, 46, 477-484 (2002).

17. Evangelou V.P.: Environmental Soil and Water Chemistry, Principles and Applications, A Wiley-Interscience Publication: Toronto, Canada (1998).

18. Water Framework Directive 2006/60/EC

19. Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 15 November 2011 concerning the forms and manner to monitor surface water and groundwater bodies is taken into consideration, 258, 1550 [in Polish].

20. Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 10 November 2011 r. considering list of priority substances in the water politics [in Polish].

21. Water Framework Directive 2008/105/EC

22. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. United Nations Environment Programme 2001 (Dz.U.14.poz.76)

23. Regarding Types and Concentrations of Substances Indicating that Dredging Spoil is Polluted, Dz. U. 02.55.498, Regulation of the Ministry of Environment: Warsaw, Poland 2002 [in Polish].

24. Regarding Standards of Quality of Soil, Dz. U. 02.165.1359, Regulation of the Ministry of Environment: Warsaw, Poland 2002 [in Polish].

25. Neilson A., Hynning P., PAHs, Products of Chemical and Biochemical Transformation of Alicyclic Precursors in PAHs and Related Compounds, Springer-Verlag: Berlin Heidelberg, Germany (1998).

26. Gąsecka M., Włodarczyk-Makuła M., Popenda A., Drzewiecka K.: Phytoremediation, Management of Environmental contaminants, Phytoremediation of PAH-contaminated areas, vol 1. Springer international publishing Switzerland, 9, 295-308 (2015).

27. Wild S.R., Jones K.C.: Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the United Kingdom Environment: a Preliminary Source Inventory and Budget, Environ. Pollution, 88, 91-108 (1995).

28. Harvey R.: Environmental chemistry of PAHs in PAHs and related compounds. Chemistry, Springer-Verlag: Berlin-Heidelberg, Germany (1998).

29. Wolska L., Namieśnik, J.: Distribution of Pollutants in the Oder River System. Pt.2: Organic Pollutants in Bottom Sediments, Pol. J. Environ. Studies, ,11, 663-668 (2002).

30. Bojakowska I., Gliwicz T., Małecka K.: The Results of Geochemical Monitoring of Sediments in Poland in 2003-2005; IOS Library of Environmental Monitoring: Warsaw, Poland (2006). [in Polish]

31. Kostecki M., Czaplicka M., Węglarz A.: Selected Organic Compounds (BTEX, PAHs) in Sediments Anthropogenic Water Reservoir Dzierżno-Duże (Silesia Region), Arch. Ochr. Środ., 26, 95-108 (2000). [in Polish]

32. Kostecki M.: Alokacja i przemiany wybranych zanieczyszczeń w zbiornikach zaporowych hydrowęzła rzeki Kłodnicy i Kanale Gliwickim, Instytut Podstaw Inżynierii Środowiska PAN, Prace i Studia Zabrze, 57 (2003).

33. Tomza-Marciniak A., Witczak A.: Bioaccumulation of DDT and its metabolites in the Międzyodrze Ecosystem, Poland, Polish J. of Environ. Stud., 18, 3, 467-474 (2009).

34. Kaley K. B., Carlisle J., Siegel D., Salinas J.: Health Concerns and Environmental Issues with PVC-Containing Building Materials in Green Buildings, Integrated Waste Management Board, California Environmental Protection Agency, USA (2006).

35. Bojakowska I., Gliwicz T.: Chlorinated Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls in River Sediments of Poland, Prz. Geol., 53, 649-655 (2005). [in Polish]

36. Kannan K., Maruya K., Tanabe S.: Distribution and Characterization of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Soil and Sediments from a Superfund Site Contaminated with Arcolor 1268, Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 1483-1488 (1997).

37. Bojakowska I., Sokołowska G., Gliwicz T.: POPs- PAHs, PCBs and CP in Sediments of Włocławski Reservoir, Prz. Geol., 48, 837-843 (2000). [in Polish]

38. Műeller A., Schilling P.: Sedimentbelastung und Stoffhaushalt im Nordlichen Peenestorm. In Schadstoffbelstung der sedimente in den Ostseekustengewassern. BfG: Koblenz-Berlin, Germany (1998).

39. Urbaniak M., Kiedrzyńska E., Zalewski M.: The role of a lowland reservoir In the transport of micropollutants, nutrients and the suspended particulate matter along the River continuum, Hydrology Research, 434, 400-411 (2012).

40. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. United Nations Environment Programme (2001).

41. Grynkiewicz M., Polkowska Z., Górecki T., Namieśnik J.: Pesticides in Precipitation from an Urban Region in Poland (Gdańsk-Sopot-Gdynia Tricity) between 1998 and 2000, Water, Air, Soil Pollut., 149, 3-16 (2003).

42. Ciesielczuk T., Kusza G., Karwaczyńska U.: Natural usage of bottom sediments on the base of existing law rules, Annual of Environmental Protection, 13, 1327-1337 (2011). [in Polish]

43. Brugmann L.: Hintergrundbelastung von Ostsee-Seidmentationsbecken vor der Deutschen Kuste. In Schadstoffbelstung der Sedimente in den Ostseekustengewassern. BfG: Koblenz-Berlin, Germany (1998).

Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports

The Journal of University of Zielona Góra

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 157 153 11
PDF Downloads 94 93 18