The Comparison of Measured and Simulated Dynamic Responses of Vehicles Indicated by Road Pavement Unevenness

Open access


The article presents the comparison of measured and simulated dynamic responses of heavy vehicle which are indicated by road pavement unevenness. This unevenness was represented by speed control bumps, potholes and stochastic pavement unevenness. The objective simulations were realized through the medium Quarter- Car Simulation by means of application of simulated theory of dynamic systems. The reliability of used model was verificated with comparison of measured and simulated values of sprung mass T815 vehicle accelerations. In the article, there are presented courses of total vertical forces of Quarter-Car Simulation for the first, the second and the fourth classification degree of unevenness, which was considered through the world's respected parameter IRI (International Roughness Index). Obtained simulated dynamic effects of the vehicle on the pavement were used for modification of a relevant Slovak design method of asphalt pavements.

[1] ČELKO, M. - DECKÝ, M. - KOVÁČ, M.: An analyze of vehicle - road surface interaction for classification of IRI in frame of Slovak PMS. Maintenance and Reliability Nr1(41)/2009. ISSN 1507-2711. pp.15 -21.

[2] DECKÝ, M. - KOVÁČ, M.: Longitudinal evenness of road pavements. Scientific monograph (In Slovak), EDIS - University of Žilina 2014, s. 222, ISBN 97880-554-0925-2.

[3] MELCER, J.: Dynamic calculation of highway bridges (In Slovak). EDIS - University of Žilina 1997, p. 287, ISBN 80-7100-4251.

[4] PAPÁNOVÁ, Z. - PAPÁN, D. - KORTIŠ, J.: Microtremor vibrations in the soil experimental investigation and FEM simulation. In: Communications/Komunikácie. Volume 16, Issue 4, 2014, p. 41-47, ISSN 13354205.

[5] MÚČKA, P.: Correlation among Road Unevenness Indicators and Vehicle Vibration Response. In: Journal of Transportation Engineering. Volume 139, issue 8, p. 771-786 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000558, Published: AUG 1 2013.

[6] LEITNER, B.: Fatigue Damage Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction of Lorry Frame under Random Excitation. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference TRANSPORT MEANS 2014. P. 9-14, Kaunas Univ Technol, Kaunas, LITHUANIA. OCT 23-24, 2014 Accession Number: WOS:000345692000002, ISSN: 1822-296X.

[7] SAYERS, M.W. - GILLESPIE, T.D. - QUEIROZ, C.: The International Road Roughness Experiment (IRRE): Establishing correlation and calibration standard for measurements. World Bank, Techn. Paper No. 45, Washington, D.C., 1986.

[8] SAYERS, M., W. - KARAMIHAS, S., M.: The Little Book of Profiling. Basic Information about Measuring and Interpreting Road Profiles. The Regent of the University of Michigan 1998, p. 100.

[9] KARAMISH, S. M. - GILIESPIE, T. D. - KOHN, S. D. - PERERA, R., W.: Guidelines for longitudinal pavement Profile Measurements. University of Michigan, Transportation Research Institute. February 1999, NCHRP Project 10-47, p. 188. 10] NOVOTNÝ, B., HANUŠKA, A.: Theory layered half-space (In Slovak). Veda Bratislava 1983, p. 258.

[11] BLAŽEK, P.: Simulation of dynamic effects of vehicles on the pavement (In Slovak). Dissertation thesis, University of Žilina, Faculty of Civil Engineering, 2008.

[10] DECKÝ, M. et al.: Mechanics road pavements. (In Slovak), EDIS - University of Žilina 2014, p. 494, ISBN 978-80-554-0934-4.

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Stavebné a environmentálne inžinierstvo

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 137 135 10
PDF Downloads 48 46 3