‘The Impact of Globalization on Albania’

Open access

Abstract

The term globalization has been widely used in recent decades. Its definition has been subject to various tense debates and has involved a number of evolving theories which compete in the literature (Jones, 2010). Looking at different aspects of the globalization process, they analyze its features, present its advantages and discuss its disadvantages for economic restructuring, international political power and people’s lives (Martell, 2010). Consequently there is no single concept for this macro phenomenon which impacts on economic integration, the transfer of policies across borders, knowledge transmission and cultural stability, as well as the reproduction, relations and discourses of power (Al-Rodhan & Stroudmann, 2006). The main purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of globalization on Albania during the years of democratic transition towards a market economy, in the process focusing on the economic, political and social factors that continuously have underpinned it.

Keywords:

References

  • ASIT. (2015). Albania 2014 trade report. Albanian Center for Competitiveness and International Trade. Albania.

  • Al-Rodhan, N., & Stroudmann, G. (2006). Definitions of globalization: A comprehensive overview and proposed definition. From the Center for Security Policy.

  • Bank of Albania. (2014). Gross external debt analysis. Retrieved October 1, 2015 from www.bankofalbania.org/web/pub/analiza_e_borxhit_te-jashtem_bruto_92_14_7038_1.pdf

  • BTI. (2014). Albania Country Report. Bertelsmann Stiftung. Retrieved September 30, 2015 from http://www.bti-project.org

  • CIA. (2015). The World factbook. Retrieved October 5, 2015 from http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print/country/countrypdf_al.pdf.

  • Davalos, E. M., & Cancho, C. (2015). Insights into key challenges of the Albanian labor market. Poverty Global Practice. The World Bank.

  • Davalos, E.M., Cancho. C., & Ceriani. (2015). An update on poverty and inequality in Albania: 9 stylized facts. Poverty Global Practice. The World Bank.

  • European Commission. (2014). Albania. 2014 Progress report.

  • European Commission. (2014). Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA). Indicative Strategy Paper for Albania (2014-2020). Retrieved October 2, 2015 from ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2014/20140919-csp-albania.pdf

  • European Commission. (2014). 2014 economic and fiscal programmes of Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina: The Commission’s country assessments. Occasional papers 198, July 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2015 from ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/occasional_paper/2014/pdf/ocp198_en.pdf

  • EY. (2014). Doing business in Albania, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2015 from www.ey.com/Publication/vwlUAssets/Doing_business_in_Albania_2014/$FILE/EY-doing-business-in-albania-2014.pdf

  • IMF. (2014). Albania: Financial system stability assessment. IMF Country Report No. 14/79, IMF, Washington, D.C.

  • INSTAT. (2012). Albania: Population and Housing Census 2011. Tirana.

  • INSTAT. (2014). Migration in Albania 2014. Tirana.

  • INSTAT. (2014). Gender perspectives in Albania. Gender analysis of the 2011 population and housing census results. UN Women. Tirana. Albania.

  • INSTAT. (2015). Roma and Egyptians in Albania: A socio-demographic and economic profile based on the 2011 census. Tirana.

  • INSTAT. (2015). External trade in goods by enterprise characteristics 2011-2014. INSTAT. Albania.

  • Jones, A. (2010). Globalization: Key thinkers. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

  • KPMG. (2014). Investment in Albania. KPMG, Albania.

  • Martell, L. (2010). The sociology of globalization. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

  • Ministry of Health. (2003). Let’s keep Albania a low HIV prevalence country. The national Strategy of Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Albania 2004-2010. Retrieved September 30, 2015 from data.unaids.org/topics/nsp-library/nsp-europe/nsp_albania_2004-2010_en.pdf

  • OECD. (2012). Albania Assessment report 2012. SIGMA Country Assessment Report 2012/07. OECD Publishing.

  • Official Gazette. (2014). Law No. 115/2014 on Territorial-administrative division of local government units in the Republic of Albania. Official Gazette 137. Retrieved October 2, 2015, from www.qbz.gov.al/botime/fletore_zyrtare/2014/PDF-2014/137-2014.pdf.

  • OSCE/ODIHR. (2013). Republic of Albania. Parliamentary elections 23 June 2013. OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Final report. Warsaw, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2015 from www.osce.org/odihr/elections/106963?download=true

  • Palloni, A. (2009). Introduction. In. Family support networks and population aging, UNFPA, UN Programme on aging, Norwestern University, DOHA International Institute, 7-9.

  • Poteraj, J. (2012). Pension system in Albania. IJRRAS 11(1), 82-88.

  • Siegelbaum, J.P., Sherif, K., Borish, M., & Clarke, G. (2002). Structural adjustment in the transition: case studies from Albania, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyz Republic, and Moldova. World Bank Discussion Paper 429. The World Bank. Washington, D.C.

  • UNDP. (2000). Albanian Human Development Report 2000. UNDP. Albania.

  • UNDP. (2014). Human Development Report 2014: Sustaining Human Progress. Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. Retrieved September 30, 2015 from hdr.undp.org

  • UNODC. (2011). Corruption in Albania: Bribery as experienced by population. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved September 28, 2015 from http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/statistics/corruption/Albania_corruption_report_2011_web_small.pdf

  • US. (2015). Trafficking in persons report 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015 from www.state.gov

  • Vojković, G., Magdaenić, I., & Živanović, Z. (2014). Population aging and its impact on labor force in the South East Europe Countries. Zbornik Matice srpske za drustvone nauke, 148, 702-715.

  • Vullnetari, J. (2007). Albanian migration and development: State of the art review. Working Paper 18. IMISCOE.

  • World Bank. (2010). Albania: Social assistance policy note. Key challenges and opportunities. Human Development Sector Unit. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

  • World Bank. (2011). Albania: Out-of-pocket payments in Albania’s health system. Trends in household perceptions and experiences 2002-2008. Report No. 64803-AL. retrieved October 1, 2015 from http://www.worldbank.org

  • World Bank. (2015). Albania. World Bank Group Partnership Program Snapshot. World Bank.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 86 86 62
PDF Downloads 21 21 18