A family of high-power multilevel switched capacitor-based resonant DC-DC converters – operational parameters and novel concepts of topologies

Open access

Abstract

This paper presents the concept of topologies and investigation results of switched-capacitor voltage multipliers designed for application in high power systems. The analyzed family of multilevel converters includes established topologies as well as novel concepts. The application of thyristors as well as the invention of novel concepts of multiplier topologies and appropriate control make it possible to achieve high efficiency, high voltage gain, reliable and simple DC-DC converters for high power systems. Based on analytical models of the SCVMs, the paper presents a discussion of the selection of components and the efficiency of the converters as a function of converted power as well as the voltage range on the input and the output side. The results are supported by computer simulations and demonstrative experimental tests.

[1] M. On-Cheong, W. Yue-Chung and A. Ioinovici, “Step-up DC power supply based on a switched-capacitor circuit,”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 42, 1, 90‒97, (1995).

[2] A. Ioinovici, “Switched-capacitor power electronics circuits”, Circuits and Systems Magazine, IEEE, 1, 37‒42, (2001).

[3] O. Keiser, P.K. Steimer and J.W. Kolar, “High power resonant switched-capacitor step-down converter”, Power Electronics Specialists Conference, PESC, IEEE, 2772‒2777, (2008).

[4] A. Kawa, R. Stala, A. Mondzik, S. Pirog and A. Penczek, “High power thyristor-based DC-DC switched-capacitor voltage multipliers: basic concept and novel derived topology with reduced number of switches”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 31, 6797–6813 (2016).

[5] W. Qian, H. Cha, F. Peng and L.M. Tolbert, “55-kW variable 3X DC-DC converter for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 27, 1668‒1678, (2012).

[6] H. Taghizadeh, A.M. Cross, R. Whitehouse and C. Barker, “Switched capacitor DC-DC converters for HVDC applications”, 11th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, 1‒9, (2015).

[7] Y. Lee, Yi-Pin Ko, M. Cheng and L. Liu, “Multiphase zero-current switching bidirectional converters and battery energy storage application”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28, 3806‒3815, (2013).

[8] R.L. Andersen, T.B. Lazzarin, and I. Barbi, “A 1-kW step-up/step-down switched-capacitor AC–AC converter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28, 3329‒3340, (2013).

[9] T.B. Lazzarin, R.L. Andersen, G.B. Martins, and I. Barbi, “A 600-W switched-capacitor AC–AC converter for 220 V/110 V and 110 V/220 V applications”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 27, 4821‒4826, (2012).

[10] A. Parastar and J. Seok, “High-gain resonant switched-capacitor cell-based DC/DC converter for offshore wind energy systems”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 30, 644‒656, (2015).

[11] F. Zhang, L.Du, F. Z. Peng and Z. Qian, “A new design method for high-power high-efficiency switched-capacitor DC–DC converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 23, 832‒840, (2008).

[12] D. Flores Cortez, G. Waltrich, J. Fraigneaud, H. Miranda and I. Barbi, “DC-DC converter for dual voltage automotive systems based on bidirectional hybrid switched-capacitor architectures”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62, 3296‒3304, (2015).

[13] K. Tseng and C. Huang, “High step-up high-efficiency interleaved converter with voltage multiplier module for renewable energy system”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 61, 1311‒1319, (2014).

[14] T. B. Lazzarin, M. D. Vecchia and I. Barbi, “Experimental validation of a proposal for a 3.5 kVA three-phase magnetic-less solid-state autotransformer (SSAT) based on the switched-capacitor principle”, IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), 993‒998, (2015).

[15] A. Mondzik, Z. Waradzyn, R. Stala and A. Penczek, “High efficiency switched capacitor voltage doubler with planar core-based resonant choke”, CPE-POWERENG 2016, 10th international conference on Compatibility, Power Electronics and Power Engineering, 402–409, (2016).

[16] Z. Waradzyn, R. Stala, A. Mondzik and S. Pirog, “Switched capacitor-based power electronic converter-optimization of high frequency resonant circuit components”, Chapter in: Advanced Control of Electrical Drives and Power Electronic Converters, Volume 75 of the series Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Springer International Publishing AG, 361‒378, (2017).

[17] D. Cao and F. Z. Peng, “Zero-current-switching multilevel modular switched-capacitor dc–dc converter”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 46, 2536‒2544, (2010).

[18] Y. Yuanmao and K.W.E. Cheng, “A family of single-stage switched-capacitor–inductor PWM converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28, 5196‒5205, (2013).

[19] Y. Ye, K.E. Cheng, J. Liu and C. Xu, “A family of dual-phase-combined zero-current switching switched-capacitor converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 29, 4209‒4218, (2014).

[20] B. Wu, S. Li, K. M. Smedley and S. Singer, “A family of two-switch boosting switched-capacitor converters”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 30, 5413‒5424, (2015).

[21] G. Wu, X. Ruan and Z. Ye, “Nonisolated high step-up DC–DC converters adopting switched-capacitor cell”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62, 383‒393, (2015).

[22] L. Gu, K. Jin, X. Ruan, M. Xu, and F.C. Lee, “A family of switching capacitor regulators,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 29, 740‒749, (2014).

[23] D. Cao and F.Z. Peng, “A family of zero current switching switched-capacitor dc-dc converters”, Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC) Twenty-Fifth Annual IEEE, 1365‒1372, (2010).

[24] A. Kawa and R. Stala, “A multilevel switched capacitor DC-DC converter. An analysis of resonant operation conditions”, Power Electronics and Drives, No.2/2016 vol.1 (36).

[25] M.J. Scott, K. Zou, J. Wang, C. Chen, M. Su and L. Chen, “A gallium nitride switched-capacitor circuit using synchronous rectification”, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 49, 1383‒1391, (2013).

[26] R. Stala et al., “Switched-capacitor DC-DC resonant converter”, Bulletin of the Patent Office, ISSN 01378015, 26, p. 46, (2016), [in Polish].

[27] R. Stala et al., “High efficiency switched-capacitor DC-DC resonant converter”, Bulletin of the Patent Office, ISSN 01378015, 26, p. 46‒47, (2016), [in Polish].

[28] Z. Waradzyn et al., “Efficiency Analysis of MOSFET-Based Air-Choke Resonant DC–DC Step-Up Switched-Capacitor Voltage Multipliers,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 64, 8728‒8738, (2017).

[29] “T600N target data”, Infineon Technologies Bipolar GmbH & Co. KG, rev. 1.1, 2012‒06‒05.

Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.156
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.238

CiteScore 2016: 1.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.239

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 218 218 25
PDF Downloads 106 106 12