Numerical and experimental study of armour system consisted of ceramic and ceramic- elastomer composites

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents numerical and experimental results in the study of composite armour systems for ballistic protection. The modelling of protective structures and simulation methods of experiment as well as the finite elements method were implemented in LS DYNA software. Three armour systems with different thickness of layers were analyzed. Discretization for each option was built with three dimensional elements guaranteeing satisfactory accuracy of the calculations. Two selected armour configurations have been ballistically tested using the armour piercing (AP) 7.62 mm calibre. The composite armour systems were made of Al2O3 ceramics placed on the strike face and high strength steel as a backing material. In case of one ballistic structure system an intermediate ceramic- elastomer layer was applied. Ceramic- elastomer composites were obtained from porous ceramics with porosity gradient using pressure infiltration of porous ceramics by elastomer. The urea-urethane elastomer, as a reactive liquid was introduced into pores. As a result composites, in which two phases were interconnecting three-dimensionally and topologically throughout the microstructure, were obtained. Upon ballistic impact, kinetic energy was dissipated by ceramic body The residual energy was absorbed by intermediate composite layer. Effect of the composite shell application on crack propagation of ceramic body was observed.

[1] E. Medvedovski, “Lightweight ceramic composite armour system”, Adv. Appl. Ceram. 105 (5), 241-245 (2006).

[2] Z.D. Ma, H. Wang, Y. Cui, D. Rose, A. Socks, and D. Ostberg, “Designing an Innovative Composite Armor System for Affordable Ballistic Protection”, Proc. 25th ASC 1, 1-8 (2006).

[3] S. Yadav and G. Ravichandran, “Penetration resistance of laminated ceramic/polymer structures”, Int. J. Impact Eng. 28 (1), 557-574 (2003).

[4] E. Medvedovski, “Ballistic performance of armour ceramics: Influence of design and structure. Part 1”, Ceram Int. 36 (1), 2103-2115 (2010).

[5] E. Medvedovski, “Ballistic performance of armour ceramics: Influence of design and structure. Part 2”, Ceram Int. 36 (1), 2117-2127 (2010).

[6] G. Slamnoiu, M. Bejan, G. Vladu, A. Ciuculin, and D.L. Bandrabur, “About ballistic protection structure behaviour under impact”, Ann. DAAAM proc. Int. DAAAM Symp. 1, 619 (2009).

[7] A.R. Olszyna, Hardness and Brittleness of Ceramic Materials, Warsaw University of Technology Publishing House, Warsaw, 2004.

[8] E. Medvedovski, “Alumina-mullite ceramics for structural applications”, Ceram Int. 32 (1), 369-375 (2006).

[9] Y. Bao, S. Su, J. Yang, and Q. Fan, “Prestressed ceramics and improvement of impact resistance”, Mater Lett. 57 (1), 518-524 (2002).

[10] S. Stanisławek, A. Morka, and T. Niezgoda, “Numerical analysis of an influence of ceramic plate surrounding by metal components in a ballistic panel”, J. KONES Powertrain and Transport 18 (3), 471-474 (2011).

[11] E. Strasburger, “Ballistic testing of transparent armour ceramics”, J. Eur. Ceram Soc. 29 (1), 267-273 (2009).

[12] R. Klement, S. Rolc, R. Mikulikova, and J. Krestan, “Transparent armour materials”, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 28 (1), 1091-1095 (2008).

[13] J.M. Sands, C.G. Fountzoulas, G.A. Gilde, and P.J. Patel, “Modelling transparent ceramics to improve military armour”, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29 (1), 261-266 (2009).

[14] M. Übeyli, H. Deniz, T. Demir, B. ¨Ogel, B. G¨urel, and ¨O . Keles,, “Ballistic impact performance of an armor material consisting of alumina and dual phase steel layers”, Mater Design 32 (1), 1565 1570 (2011).

[15] M. Übeyli, R.O. Yildirim, and B. ¨Ogel, “On the comparison of the ballistic performance of steel and laminated composite armors”, Mater Design 28 (1), 1257-1262 (2007).

[16] J. Lopez-Puente, A. Arias, R. Zaera, and C. Navarro, “The effect of the thickness of the adhesive layer on the ballistic limit of ceramic/metal armours. An experimental and numerical study”, Int. J. Impact Eng. 32 (1), 321-336 (2005).

[17] M.A. Shaker and A.M. Riad, “Impact of ceramic/composite light-weight targets by high-speed projectiles”, Proc. ASAT-13, ST-24 (2009).

[18] P.J. Hogg, Composites for Ballistic Applications, http://compositesuk.co.uk/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=nckfRRu6GY%3D&tabid=105&mid=510.

[19] R. Jhaver and H. Tippur, “Processing, compression response and finite element modeling of syntactic foam based interpenetrating phase composites (IPC)”, Mat. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. 499 (1), 507-517 (2009).

[20] A. Oziębło, P. Chabera, K. Perkowski, M. Osuchowski, I. Witosławska, A. Boczkowska, and A. Witek, “Influence of hot isostatic pressing on selected microstructural and mechanical properties of alumina and silicon carbide”, Ceramic Materials 65 (2), 204-208 (2013).

[21] K. Babski, A. Boczkowska and K.J. Kurzydłowski, “Microstructure-properties relationship in ceramic-elastomer composites with 3D connectivity of phases”, J. Mater. Sci. 44 (6), 1456-1451 (2009).

[22] A. Boczkowska, K. Konopka, and K.J. Kurzydłowski, “Effect of elastomer structure on ceramic-elastomer composite properties”, J. Mater. Process Tech. 175 (1), 40-44 (2006).

Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 1.156
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.238

CiteScore 2016: 1.50

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.457
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.239

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 170 170 18
PDF Downloads 57 57 3