Influence of Integrated Application of Nano-Chelated Trace Elements and Sulfur on Desi Chickpea in the Short-Season Mediterranean-Type Environment

Open access


Chickpea is one of the most important legume crops in the Mediterranean semiarid regions. Soils of these regions generally have free CaCO3, high pH and low organic matter, which reduce the availability of micronutrients and cause their deficiencies. In order to study the effects of integrated application of different level of elemental sulfur (0, 15, 30 kg·ha−1) and nano-chelated micronutrients (Zn, Fe, Mn) on growth and agro-morphological traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a field experiment was conducted in the semiarid regions of the northwestern part of Iran. Evaluation of morphological traits showed that application of high level of sulfur significantly improved plant height, the number of primary branches and canopy width compared to the control. The longest growth period was recorded for plants grown by application of high level of sulfur and nano-chelated Zn fertilizer. The obtained data revealed that application of nano-chelated Zn fertilizer resulted in a significant increase in seed number per plant and seed weight compared to other nano-micronutrient fertilizers. Overall, the best growth performance and the highest seed yield were obtained from the integrated application of Zn and high level of sulfur. The findings showed that soil micronutrient deficiencies are partly due to high alkalinity of the soil, and application of sulfur beyond 15 kg·ha−1 can be an effective method to increase the efficacy of nanofertilizers. Integrated application of micronutrient and sulfur should be considered as an efficient agronomic management option for chickpea production systems in semiarid region.

Abdin M.Z., Ahmad A., Khan N., Khan I., Jamal A., Iqbal M., 2003: Sulphur interaction with other nutrients. – In: Abrol Y.P., Ahmad A. (eds), Sulphur in plants: 359–374. – Dordrecht.

Derosa M.C., Monreal C., Schnitzer M., Walsh R., Sultan Y., 2010: Nanotechnology in fertilizers. – Nature nanotechnology, 5(2): 91.

Farooq M., Wahid A., Siddique K.H., 2012: Micronutrient application through seed treatments: a review. – Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(1): 125–142.

Imtiaz M., Rashid A., Khan P., Memon M.Y., Aslam M., 2010: The role of micronutrients in crop production and human health. – Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(4): 2565–2578.

Islam M., 2012: The effect of different rates and forms of sulfur on seed yield and micronutrient uptake by chickpea. – Plant, Soil and Environment, 58(9): 399–404.

Janmohammadi M., Javanmard A., Sabaghnia N., 2011: Influences of micro-nutrients (zinc and iron) and bio-fertilizer on yield and yield components of chickpea (cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. – Agriculture and Forestry, 57(3): 53.

Jez J. (ed.), 2008: Sulfur: A Missing Link between Soils, Crops, and Nutrition, 50. – Madison.

Kumar R., Pandey P., 2014: Nanotechnology for Better Fertilizer Use. – In: Pandey S.T., Negi M. S., Kumar R., Bhatnagar A., Chaturvedi S. (eds), Efficiency Centric Management (ECM) in Agriculture. Proceedings of National Symposium (October, 2014): 108–123.

Lal M., Mathur A.K., Purohit H.S., Sharma M., Jain H.K., Kharol S., 2014: Effect of phosphorus and sulphur on content and uptake of micronutrients by chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under agroclimatic zone IV A of Rajasthan. – Annals of Agri Bio Research, 19(1): 35–37.

Marschner H. (ed.), 2011: Mineral nutrition of higher plants. – Hohenheim.

Mastronardi E., Tsae P., Zhang X., Monreal C., Derosa M.C., 2015: Strategic role of nanotechnology in fertilizers: potential and limitations. – In: Rai M., Ribeiro C., Mattoso L., Duran N. (eds), Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture: 25–67. – Cham–Heidelberg–New York–Dordrecht– London.

Mohammady A.M., Lakzian A., Haghnia G.H., Berenji A.R., Besharati H., Fotovat A., 2010: Effect of Thiobacillus, sulfur, and vermicompost on the water-soluble phosphorus of hard rock phosphate. – Bioresource technology, 101(2): 551–554.

Naderi M.R., Danesh-Shahraki A., 2013: Nanofertilizers and their roles in sustainable agriculture. – International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5(19): 2229–2232.

Namvar A., Sharifi R.S., 2011: Phenological and morphological response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to symbiotic and mineral nitrogen fertilization. – Žemdirbystė-Agriculture, 98: 121–130.

Namvar A., Sharifi R.S., Khandan T., 2011: Growth analysis and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in relation to organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilization. – Ekologija, 57(3): 97–108.

Pasandi M., Janmohammadi M., Karimizadeh R., 2014: Evaluation of genotypic response of Kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars to irrigation regimes in northwest of Iran. – Agriculture, 60(1): 22–30.

Plaster E., 2013: Soil science and management. – Delmar.

Rai M., Ribeiro C., Mattoso L., Duran N. (eds), 2015: Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture, 347. – Cham–Heidelberg–New York–Dordrecht– London.

Rameshaiah G.N., Jpallavi S., 2015: Nano fertilizers and nano sensors – an attempt for developing smart agriculture. – International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 3(1): 314–320.

Rashid A., Ryan J., 2004: Micronutrient constraints to crop production in soils with Mediterraneantype characteristics: a review. – Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27(6): 959–975.

Rico C.M., Majumdar S., Duarte-Gardea M., Peralta- Videa J.R., Gardea-Torresdey J.L., 2011: Interaction of nanoparticles with edible plants and their possible implications in the food chain. – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59: 3485–3498.

Ryan J., 2008: Crop nutrients for sustainable agricul- tural production in the drought-stressed Mediterranean region. – Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 10: 295–306.

Sabbagh Tazeh E., Aliasgharzadeh N., Rameshknia Y., Rad S.N., Tahmasebpoor B., 2012: Microbial sulfur oxidation effect on micronutrients availability of municipal compost for wheat plant. – Universal Journal of Environmental Research & Technology, 2(6): 551–559.

Singh B.P., Saini S.S., Singh S., 2004: Yield, quality, nutrient content and uptake in late sown chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as influenced by irrigation, sulphur and seed inoculation levels. – Haryana Journal of Agronomy, 20(1/2): 46–48.

Subramanian K.S., Manikandan A., Thirunavukkarasu M., Rahale C.S., 2015: Nano-fertilizers for Balanced Crop Nutrition. – In: Rai M., Ribeiro C., Mattoso L., Duran N. (eds), Nanotechnologies in Food and Agriculture: 69–80. – Cham–Heidelberg– New York–Dordrecht–London.

Tulchinsky T.H., 2010: Micronutrient deficiency conditions: global health issues. – Public Health Reviews, 32: 243–255.

Yadav S.S., Redden R.J., Chen W., Sharma B., 2007: Chickpea Breeding and Management. – Oxford.


The Journal of Nature Research Centre

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.156
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.555


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 220 175 17
PDF Downloads 156 112 5