The article aims at exploring the literature on town centre delimitation methods over the last sixty years. Specifically, the first section explores the content of the term town centre, while the second one proposes an organisation of town centre delimitation research in three main periods. The third section comprises the main corpus of the article, as several town centre delimitation methodologies of the last sixty years are presented and discussed. For their presentation, a three tiered analysis is introduced. In the first stage the decisions of researchers regarding centrality estimators are discussed, in the second stage the study focuses on the choices of the spatial units, in which the chosen variables will be studied, and in the third stage the study discusses the methods that are used to characterise each of the studied spatial units as central versus non-central. Based on the analysis, the article concludes that town centre delimitation is an issue which transcends various scientific disciplines and that each of these disciplines comprehends the centre of a town in a unique way. Thus, future methods of town centre delimitation should take into account the choices made in each of the three stages presented above, and should also link the above choices to the objectives and the theoretical context of the study.
Allpass, J., Ågergard, E., Harvest, J., Olsen, P. and Søholt, S., 1967: Urban centres and changes in the centre structure. In: Urban core and inner city. Proceedings of the International Study Week, Amsterdam, 11-17 September 1966, Brill, Leiden, pp. 103-117.
Bailey, C. B. and Gatrell, A. C., 1995: Interactive spatial data analysis, Longman: Harlow.
Bird, J., 1977: Centrality and citie, London: Routledge Direct Editions.
De Blij, H.J., 1962: The functional structure and central business district of Lourenco Marques, Mocambique. In: Economic Geography, Volume 38, Issue 1, Clark University, pp. 56-77. Stable URL: http://www. jstor.org/stable/142325
Bohnert, J.E. and Mattingly, P.F., 1964: Delimitation of the CBD through time. In: Economic Geography, Volume 40, Issue 4, Clark University, pp. 337-347.
Borruso, G., 2003: Network density and the delimitation of urban areas. In: Transactions in GIS, Volume 7, Issue 2, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, pp. 177-191. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9671.00139
Borruso, G. and Porceddu, A., 2009: A tale of two Cities: density analysis of CBD on Two midsize urban areas in northeastern Italy. In: Murgante, B., Borruso, G., and Lapucci, A. editors, Geocomputation & Urban Planning, Berlin: Springer, pp. 37-56. DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89930-3
Bowden, M.J., 1971: Downtown through time: delimitation, expansion, and internal growth. In: Economic Geography, Volume 42, Issue 2, Clark University, pp. 121-135. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/ 143041
Brown, S., 1987: The complex model of city centre retailing: an historical approach. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, New Series, Volume 12, Issue 1, Backwell Publishing, pp. 4-18. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/622573
Brunsdon, C., 1995: Estimating probability surfaces for geographical point data: an adaptive kernel algorithm. In: Computers and Geosciences, Volume 21, Issue 7, Elsevier Ltd, pp. 877-894. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/0098-3004(95)00020-9
Carol, H., 1960: The hierarchy of central functions within the city. In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Volume 50, Issue 4, Routledge, pp. 419- -438. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1960.tb00359.x
Carter, H. and Rowley, G., 1966: The morphology of the central business district of Cardiff. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Volume 38, Blackwell Publishing, pp. 119-134. Stable URL: http://www. jstor.org/stable/621429
Carter, H., 1972: The study of urban geography, London: Edward Arnold.
Cornière, P., 1967: Studies on town centres in France. In: Urban core and inner city. Proceedings of the International Study Week, Amsterdam, 11-17 September 1966, Brill, Leiden, pp. 3-21.
Curtis, J.R., 1993: Central business districts of the two Laredos. In: Geographical Review, Volume 83, Issue 1, American Geographical Society of New York, pp. 54-65. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/215380
Davies, D.H., 1959: Boundary study as a tool in CBD analysis: an interpretation of certain aspects of the boundary of Cape Town’s central business district. In: Economic Geography, Volume 35, Issue 4, Clark University, pp. 322-345. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/ stable/142466
Davies, D.H., 1960: The hard core of Cape Town’s central business district: an attempt at delimitation. In: Economic Geography, Volume 36, Issue 1, Clark University, pp. 53-69. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/ stable/142022
Foley, D.L., 1952: Daily movements into CBD. In: American Sociological Review, Volume 17, Issue 5, American Sociological Association, pp. 538-543. Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2088219
Fotheringham, A.S., Brunsdon, C. and Charlton, M., 2000: Quantitative geography: perspectives on spatial data analysis, London: Sage Publications.
Goddard, J., 1967: The internal structure of London’s central area. In: Urban core and inner city. Proceedings of the International Study Week, Amsterdam, 11-17 September 1966, Brill, Leiden, pp. 118-140.
Gatrell, A., 1994: Density estimation and the visualization of point patterns. In: Hearnshaw, H. M. and Unwin, D. editors, Visualisation in geographical information systems. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp. 65-75.
Gatrell, A., Bailey, T., Diggle, P. and Rowlingson, B., 1996: Spatial point pattern analysis and its application in geographical epidemiology. In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Volume 21, Backwell Publishing, pp.256-274. Stable URL: http://www. jstor.org/stable/622936
Gruen, V., 1965: The heart of our cities. The urban crisis: diagnosis and cure, London: Thames and Hudson.
Hartenstein, W. and Staack, G., 1967: Land use in the urban core. In: Urban core and inner city. Proceedings of the International Study Week, Amsterdam, 11-17 September 1966, Brill, Leiden, pp. 35-52.
Hartman, G.W., 1950: The central business district - a study in urban geography. In: Economic Geography, Volume 26, Issue 4, Clark University, pp. 237-244. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/141260
Lagopoulos, A.-Ph., 1973: Domiki poleodomia: o ikismos os sistima (Structural urban planning: the settlement as a system - in Greek), Athens: Technical Chamber of Greece.
Lagopoulos, A.-Ph., 1977: Egchiridio poleodomias. Meros A: theoria poleodomias (Urban enchiridion. Part A: urban theory - in Greek), Thessaloniki: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
Lawrence, E., 1986: Toward a standard definition of downtown, Planning Advisory Service Memo, The American Planning Association.
Ley, D., 1983: A social geography of the city, New York: Harper and Row.
Murphy, R. E. and Vance, J. E., 1954: Delimiting the CBD. In: Economic Geography, Volume 30, Issue 3, Clark University, pp. 189-222. Stable URL: http:// www.jstor.org/stable/141867
Papageorgiou, A., 1971: Continuity and change, London: Pall Mall.
Pereira, R.H.M., Nadalin, V., Monasterio, L. and Albuquerque, P. H. M., 2013: Urban centrality: a simple index. In: Geographical Analysis, Volume 45, Issue 1, The Ohio State University, pp. 77-89. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gean.12002
Pissourios, I.A., Lafazani, P., Spyrellis, S., Christodoulou, A. and Myridis, M., 2012: The use of point pattern statistics in urban analysis. In: Gensel, J., Josselin, D. and Vandenbroucke, D. editors, Bridging the geographic information science, Berlin: Springer, pp. 347-364. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29063-3_19
Robertson, K.A., 1983: Downtown retail activity in large American cities 1954-1977. In: Geographical Review, Volume 73, Issue 3, American Geographical Society of New York, pp.314-323.
Scott, P., 1959: The Australian CBD. In: Economic Geography, Volume 35, Issue 4, Clark University, pp. 290-314. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/142464
Taubenböck, H., Klotz, M., Wurm, M., Schmieder, J., Wagner, B., Wooster, M., Esch, T. and Dech, S., 2013: Delineation of central business districts in mega city regions using remotely sensed data. In: Remote sensing of Environment, Volume 136, Elsevier Ltd, pp. 386-401. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. rse.2013.05.019
Thurstain-Goodwin, M. and Unwin, D., 2000: Defining and delineating the central areas of towns for statistical monitoring using continuous surface representations. In: Transactions in GIS, Volume 4, Issue 4, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, pp. 305-317. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/1467-9671.00058
William-Olsson, W., 1960: Stockholm: structure and development, Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Zafiropoulos, S., Tsitiridou, S., Stathakopoulos, P. and Tsoukala, K., 1986: Meaning and function of the center: rehabilitation issues, Thessaloniki: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.