A Step Forward in the Minimization of Political Corruption in Financial Support of Political Parties: The Experience of Ukraine and Lithuania

Open access

Abstract

Political corruption as a negative phenomenon hampers the democratic and economic development of any state. The experience of foreign countries across the world testifies to the existence of number of reasons conducive to the spread of political corruption. Its study is important both for Ukraine, which is actively taking measures to combat political corruption, and for other countries with a high level of political corruption.

The article begins with a study of various approaches to understanding the concept of “political corruption”, the reasons for its emergence and determination of the level of citizens’ trust in political institutions in Ukraine and foreign countries. The main obstacles to minimizing the phenomenon of political corruption in Ukraine are the existence of an effective mechanism for financial support of political parties and control over their financial activity. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, international acts, and legislative acts of Ukraine and Lithuania, the authors disclose the experience of Ukraine and Lithuania in the sphere of state financing of political parties and control over their financial activity. The methods of descriptive comparative analysis and observation of the latest scientific research on this issue guide the work.

Proceeding from the existing problem of minimizing the phenomenon of corruption in the funding of political parties in Ukraine and taking into account the development of Ukraine’s legal system, the article presents a number of proposals on improving the legislation of Ukraine on financial support of political parties. The authors also provide a proposal on the need to improve the legislation in Lithuania in the area of indirect state funding of political parties. This article aims to disclose the notion of “political corruption”, to study experience of Ukraine and Lithuania in the sphere of minimizations of corruption in the funding of political parties and control over the use of such financial support, to determine the areas for improving the legislation of Ukraine and Lithuania in this issue, and to show the optimal mechanism of overcoming corruption in political parties, since Ukraine is not the only state where this phenomenon reaches its peak.

1. Accinelli, Elvio, Filipe Martins, Jorge Oviedo, Alberto Pinto and Luis Quintas. “Who controls the controller? A dynamical model of corruption.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 13 (2017): 1–28.

2. Biezen, Ingrid van. “Financing Political Parties and Election Campaigns – Guidelines” // https://eos.cartercenter.org/uploads/document_file/path/309/Financing_Political_Parties_en.pdf.

3. Ceva, Emanuella, and Maria Paola Ferretti. “Political corruption.” Philosophy Compass Vol. 12, No. 12 (2017): 1–10 // DOI: 10.1111/phc3.12461.

4. Clark, April. Measuring corruption: Transparency international’s Corruption perceptions index”: 3–23. In: Nancy S. Lind and Cara E. Rabe-Hemp, eds. Corruption, Accountability and Discretion. United Kingdom, 2017.

5. Della Porta, Donatella, and Alberto Vannucci. Corrupt Exchanges: Actors, Resources, and Mechanisms of Political Corruption. New York: Aldine De Gruyter, 1999.

6. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza, and Stefan Witthuhn. “Corruption and Political Stability: Does the Youth Bulge Matter?” European Journal of Political Economy 49 (2017): 47–70.

7. Gokcekus, Omer, and Sertac Sonan. “Political contributions and corruption in the United States.” Journal of Economic Policy Reform 20 (2017): 360–372.

8. Hope, Kempe Ronald. “Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries: Some Aspects of Policy from Lessons from the Field.” Journal of Public Affairs 17 (2017): 1–6 // DOI: 10.1002/pa.1683.

9. Jones, Samuel, Magnus Ohman, and Elin Falguera, eds. Financing of Political Parties and Election Campaigns. Guidelines for Financing Political Activities. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2014.

10. Kokhan, Hannah. The Phenomenon of Political Corruption: Theoretical and Methodological Analysis. Kyiv: NISS, 2013.

11. Kramer, John M. “Political Corruption in the U.S.S.R.” The Western Political Quarterly 30 (1977): 213–224.

13. Masnevaitė, Elena. “Legal Regulation of Funding of Political Parties and Political Campaigns in Lithuania”. Summary of Doctor Dissertation (2010) // http://talpykla.elaba.lt/elaba-fedora/objects/elaba:1729008/datastreams/MAIN/content.

14. Mikulskienė, Aušra. The European Experience of Political Party Funding. Lithuania. Kyiv, 2014.

15. Navot, Doron “Political Corruption, Democratic Theory, and Democracy.” Les ateliers de l’éthique Vol. 9 (2014): 4–24 // DOI 10.7202/1029057ar/.

16. OECD. Financing Democracy; Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns and the Risk of Policy Capture. OECD Public Governance Reviews. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2016.

17. Ohman, Magnus. “Controlling Money in Politics: An Introduction” (2013) // https://ifes.org/sites/default/files/a_brief_introduction_to_money_in_politics_final_magnus_ohman.pdf.

18. Sawagvudcharee, Ousanee, and Maurice Youlles. “Understanding corruption.” Journal of Organizational Transformation & Social Change 2 (2010): 125–149.

19. The Attitude of Ukrainian Citizens to the Public Institutes, Electoral Orientation. Results of Sociological Research. Kyiv, 2017.

20. The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. “Guidelines for the Legal Regulation of Political Parties” (2011) // https://www.osce.org/odihr/77812.

21. Transparency International. “Corruption Perceptions Index” (2016) // https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptins_index_2016.

22. Vanucci, Alberto. “Three Paradigms for the Analysis of Corruption.” Labour & Laws Issues 1 (2015): 1–31.

1. Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution, 1979, no. 34/169 // http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/LawEnforcementOfficials.aspx.

2. Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine in Case No. 1-2/2007. 2007 // http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v002p710-07.

3. Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Prevention and Counteraction of Political Corruption of the Republic of Ukraine. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 2016, no. 49-50.

4. Law on Financing and Control Over the Financing of Political Parties and Political Campaigns of the Republic of Lithuania. 2004, no. IX-2428 // https://e-seimas.lrs.lt/portal/legalAct/lt/TAD/TAIS.417472.

5. Law on Information of the Republic of Ukraine. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 1992, no. 48.

6. Law on Introducing Certain Changes to the Legislative Acts of Ukraine in Connection with the Introduction of Public Financing of Political Parties of the Republic of Ukraine. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 2004, no. 218.

7. Law on Political Parties of the Republic of Lithuania. 1990, no. I-606 // https://eseimas.lrs.lt/portal/legalAct/lt/TAD/93c154702c7711e6a222b0cd86c2adfc?jfwid=wny8riyz4.

8. Law on Political Parties of the Republic of Ukraine. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 2001, no. 23.

9. Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to member states on common rules against corruption in the funding of political parties and electoral campaigns. Council of Europe, 2003, no. 4 // https://rm.coe.int/16806cc1f1.

10. Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Regulation Governing Political Parties at European Level and the Rules Regarding Their Funding. 2003, no. 2004/2003 // http://docs.pravo.ru/document/view/27622216/27825550/.

Baltic Journal of Law & Politics

A Journal of Vytautas Magnus University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.119
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.113

Target Group researchers and scholars in the fields of law and politics, with an acute interest in the cross-pollinations of disciplines, comparative approaches to regional issues, and active dialogue on pressing contemporary issues of theoretical and practical import.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 196 196 41
PDF Downloads 169 169 42