Linear Markovian models for lag exposure assessment

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Linear regression with temporally delayed covariates (distributed-lag linear regression) is a standard approach to lag exposure assessment, but it is limited to a single biomarker of interest and cannot provide insights on the relationships holding among the pathogen exposures, thus precluding the assessment of causal effects in a general context. In this paper, to overcome these limitations, distributed-lag linear regression is applied to Markovian structural causal models. Dynamic causal effects are defined as a function of regression coefficients at different time lags. The proposed methodology is illustrated using a simple lag exposure assessment problem.

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Biometrical Letters

The Journal of Polish Biometric Society

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