Health-related intensity profiles of Physical Education classes at different phases of the teaching/learning process

Open access

Health-related intensity profiles of Physical Education classes at different phases of the teaching/learning process

Study aim: To assess the intensities of three types of physical education (PE) classes corresponding to the phases of the teaching/learning process: Type 1 - acquiring and developing skills, Type 2 - selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional principles and Type 3 - evaluating and improving performance skills.

Material and methods: A cohort of 350 schoolchildren, aged 13 years, from 3 selected urban schools in Poznań participated in the study. A total of 202 PE lessons was involved using heart rate (HR) monitors, one randomly selected subject per every class. Four intensity zones were assumed (<140, 140 - 159, 160 - 179, ≥180) and exercising time spent within each zone was measured.

Results: Type 2 classes induced the most pronounced cardio-respiratory responses irrespectively of the kind of sport activities thus enhancing the cardio-respiratory fitness.

Conclusions: Type 2 activities ought to be taken into consideration when designing PE curricula in order to avoid long runs of inadequate physiological stimuli.

Armstrong N., J.R. Welsman (2006) The Physical activity patterns of European Youth with reference to methods of assessment. Sports Med. 36:1067-1086.

Baquet G., S. Brthoin, E. Vn Praagh (2002) Are intensified physical education sessions able to elicit heart rate at a sufficient level to promote aerobic fitness in adolescents? Res.Q. Exerc.Sport 73:282-288.

Boreham C., J. Tisk, L. Mrray, M. Svage, J.JStrain, G. Can (2001) Fitness, fatness and coronary heart disease risk in adolescents: the Northern Ireland Young Hearts Project. Med.Sci, Sports Exerc. 33:270-274.

Bronikowski M. (2005a) How much physical activity a week to improve the health-related fitness of Polish school-children? Phys.Educ.Sport 49:93-97.

Bronikowski M. (2005b) Wysiłki fizyczne stymulujące pracę układu krążeniowo-oddechowego w lekcjach wychowania olimpizmu u 13-letnich chłopców. Antropomotoryka 29: 31-41.

Bronikowski M., M. Gnzález-Gross, K. Keiner, E. Kisel, I. Mrtinková, A. Sache, A. Kntanista, D. Cñada Lòpez, A. Knlechner (2008) Physical activity, obesity and health programs in selected European countries. Studies in Physical Culture and Toursim 15:9-18.

Capel S. (2005) Learning to Teach Physical Education In the Secondary School. A Companion to School Experience. Routledge Falmer, London and New York.

Fairclough S., G. Sratton (2005) "Physical education makes you fit and healthy". Physical education's contribution to young people's physical activity levels. Health Educ.Res. 20:14-23.

Gavarry O., T. Brnard, M. Gacomoni, M. Symat, J.P. Euzet, G. Flgairette (1998) Continuous heart rate over 1 week in teenagers aged 11-16 years. Eur.J. Apl.Physiol. 77:155-132.

Goran M.I., K.D. Rynolds, C.H. Lndquist (1999) Role of physical activity in the prevention of obesity in children. Int.J. Obes. 23:18-33.

Goran M.I., M.S. Teuth (2001) Energy expenditure, physical activity, and obesity in children. Ped.Clin.North America 48,:931-53.

Grund A., H. Kause, M. Sewers, H. Reckert, M.J. Mller. (2001). Is TV viewing an index of physical activity and fitness in overweight and normal weight children? Publ.Health Nutr. 4:1245-1251.

Hill J.O., H.R. Watt, W.G. Red., J.C. Pters (2003) Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here? Science 299:853-855.

Kossiva I., D. Htziharistos (2004) The effect of different physical education lessons in the activity levels of Greek high school children. In: V. Kissouras, S. Kllis, I. Muratidis (eds.), Sport Science Through the Ages. Pre-Olympic Congress. Thessaloniki, pp. 433-444.

Mandigout S., A. Mlin, A.M. Lcoq, D. Curteix, P. Oert (2002) Effect of two aerobic training regimens on the cardiorespiratory response of prepubertal boys and girls. A. Pdiatr. 91:403-408.

Mleczko E., J.Żarek (1991) Wykorzystanie sport-testera i mikrokomputerów w pomiarach obciążeń treningowych. Sport Wyczynowy (9-10):25-37.

Osiński W. (2001) Aktywność fizyczna, sprawność i zdrowie - szczególne zadania wychowania fizycznego. Monografie nr 333, AWF Poznań, pp. 5-21.

Pańczyk W. (1999) Biologiczno-zdrowotne i wychowawcze efekty lekcji wychowania fizycznego w terenie i w sali. PTNKF Zamość.

Perkowski K. (1998) Efektywność form i rozwiązań aktywności fizycznej w wychowaniu fizycznym dzieci i młodzieży. Trening (2-3):89-111.

Raczek J. (1986) Problem skuteczności obciążeń na lekcji wychowania fizycznego. [In:] Lekcja Wychowania Fizycznego. WSP Kielce, pp. 151-161.

Raudsepp L, P. Pll (1998) Physical activity of children during physical education classes. Biol.Sport 15:265-270.

Stratton G. (1997) Children's heart rates during British physical education lessons. J. Taching Phys.Educ. 16:357-368.

Swaim D., S. Ewards (2002) Middle School healthy hearts in the zone - a heart rate monitoring program for lifelong fitness. Human Kinetics, USA.

Trost S.G., L.M. Krr, D.S. Wrd, R.R. Pte (2001) Physical activity and determinants of physical activity in obese and non-obese children. Int.J. Oes. 25:822-829.

World Health Organization (2006) Physical activity: a basic requirement for health. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen.

Woynarowska B., S. Kzłowski, K. Kmińska, M. Bzeziński (1982) Obciążenie wysiłkiem fizycznym na lekcjach wychowania fizycznego chłopców otyłych i bez nadwagi. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport 26:35-41.

Woynarowska B., J. Mzur (2000) Zachowania zdrowotne i zdrowie młodzieży szkolnej w Polsce i innych krajach. Tendencje zmian w latach 1990-1998. Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa.

Biomedical Human Kinetics

The Journal of University of Physical Education, Warsaw

Journal Information

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.123

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 179 175 15
PDF Downloads 41 40 7