Current status, challenges, and prospects of biopesticide utilization in Nigeria

Open access


The toxicity, persistence, and non-biodegradability of chemical pesticides have increased calls for the adoption of sustainable and cost-effective pest control measures. Biopesticides present a sustainable alternative to synthetic pesticides. However, the biopesticide utilization in agrarian countries like Nigeria remains low, resulting in increased chemical pesticide utilization. Therefore, this paper seeks to examine the current status, challenges, and prospects of biopesticides in Nigeria. The findings revealed that biopesticide utilization in Nigeria is low due to high costs, poor infrastructure, skilled manpower alongside inconsistent field performance and government policies. The solution to these challenges will significantly boost crop protection, food security, and sustainable agriculture in Nigeria.

[1] Gerland, P., Raftery, A. E., Ševčíková, H., Li, N., Gu, D., Spoorenberg, T., Alkema, L., Fosdick, B. K., Chunn, J., Lalic, N. (2014), World population stabilization unlikely this century. Science 346(6206), 234–237.

[2] Apata, T. G., Samuel, K., Adeola, A. (2009), Analysis of climate change perception and adaptation among arable food crop farmers in South Western Nigeria. In: Contributed paper prepared for presentation at the international association of agricultural economists, August 16. Beijing, China.

[3] Elum, Z., Modise, D., Nhamo, G. (2017), Climate change mitigation: the potential of agriculture as a renewable energy source in Nigeria. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(4), 1–14.

[4] Babanyara, Y., Usman, H., Saleh, U. (2010), An overview of urban poverty and environmental problems in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology 31(2), 135–143.

[5] Anger, B. (2010), Poverty eradication, millennium development goals and sustainable development in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development 3(4), 138–144.

[6] Godfray, H. C. J., Beddington, J. R., Crute, I. R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J. F., Pretty, J., Robinson, S., Thomas, S. M., Toulmin, C. (2010), Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science 327(5967), 812–818.

[7] Ruel, M. T., Garrett, J. L., Hawkes, C., Cohen, M. J. (2010), The food, fuel, and financial crises affect the urban and rural poor disproportionately: a review of the evidence. The Journal of Nutrition 140(1), 170S–176S.

[8] Barrett, C. B. (2010), Measuring food insecurity. Science 327(5967), 825–828.

[9] Youdeowei, A. (1989), Major arthropod pests of food and industrial crops of Africa and their economic importance. In: The search for sustainable solutions to crop pest problems in Africa, Cotonou (Benin), 5–9 Dec. 1988. IITA.

[10] Oerke, E.-C. Dehne, H.-W. (2004), Safeguarding production—losses in major crops and the role of crop protection. Crop Protection 23(4), 275–285.

[11] Oerke, E.-C. (2006), Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science 144(1), 31–43.

[12] Olayemi, F., Adegbola, J., Bamishaiye, E., Daura, A. (2010), Assessment of post-harvest challenges of small scale farm holders of tomatoes, bell and hot pepper in some local government areas of Kano State, Nigeria. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 3(2), 39–42.

[13] Adegbola, J., Anugwom, U., Adu, E. (2012), The concept of withholding period and pesticide residue in grain storage. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 2(4), 598.

[14] Indira, V. Dhasarthan, P. (2011), Biopesticide impact on the growth of Abelmaschus esculantus linn. seedlings. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences 2(1), 124–130.

[15] Mazid, S., Kalita, J. C., Rajkhowa, R. C. (2011), A review on the use of biopesticides in insect pest management. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology 1(7), 169–178.

[16] Anilmahajan, C. S., Pankaj, C., Kalil, C., Bilal, A. P. (2004), Pesticide residues in food products. Agrobios 2(10), 20–21.

[17] Ashutosh, I. Paul, M. S. (2004), Use of chemical pesticide an imminent catastrophe. Agrobios 4(8), 53–54.

[18] Hamilton, D., Ambrus, Á., Dieterle, R., Felsot, A., Harris, C., Petersen, B., Racke, K., Wong, S. S., Gonzalez, R., Tanaka, K. (2004), Pesticide residues in food—acute dietary exposure. Pest Management Science 60(4), 311–339.

[19] Boobis, A. R., Ossendorp, B. C., Banasiak, U., Hamey, P. Y., Sebestyen, I., Moretto, A. (2008), Cumulative risk assessment of pesticide residues in food. Toxicology Letters 180(2), 137–150.

[20] Copping, L. G., Menn, J. J. (2000), Biopesticides: a review of their action, applications, and efficacy. Pest Management Science 56(8), 651–676.

[21] Glare, T., Caradus, J., Gelernter, W., Jackson, T., Keyhani, N., Köhl, J., Marrone, P., Morin, L., Stewart, A. (2012), Have biopesticides come of age? Trends in Biotechnology 30(5), 250–258.

[22] Chandler, D., Bailey, A. S., Tatchell, G. M., Davidson, G., Greaves, J., Grant, W. P. (2011), The development, regulation, and use of biopesticides for integrated pest management. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 366(1573), 1987–1998.

[23] Gupta, S. Dikshit, A. (2010), Biopesticides: an eco-friendly approach for pest control. Journal of Biopesticides 3(1), 186–188.

[24] Jones, R. S. (2010), Biochemical pesticides: green chemistry designs by nature. Handbook of green chemistry.

[25] Pérez-García, A., Romero, D., de Vicente, A. (2011), Plant protection and growth stimulation by microorganisms: biotechnological applications of Bacilli in agriculture. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 22(2), 187–193.

[26] All, J. (2017), Insecticidal Transgenic Crops (PIP – Plant Incorporated Protectants). UGA Extension Special Bulletin ed. Entomologist 28, 193–195. UGA Extension, Georgia, USA.

[27] Walia, S., Saha, S., Tripathi, V., Sharma, K. (2017), Phytochemical biopesticides: some recent developments. Phytochemistry Reviews 1(1), 1–9.

[28] Bailey, A., Chandler, D., Grant, W., Greaves, J., Prince, G., Tatchell, M. (2010), Biopesticides: pest management and regulation. 148–176.

[29] O'Brien, K., Franjevic, S., Jones, J. (2009), Green chemistry and sustainable agriculture: the role of biopesticides. Advancing Green Chemistry [cited on: 31 August 2017]; available at:

[30] Abdallah, M. S., Muhammad, I., Warodi, F. A. (2017), Review on some plants as biopesticides. International Journal of Contemporary Research and Review 8(7), 20186–20191.

[31] Moshi, A. P. Matoju, I. (2017), The status of research on and application of biopesticides in Tanzania. Review. Crop Protection 92, 16–28.

[32] Oruonye, E. Okrikata, E. (2010), Sustainable use of plant protection products in Nigeria and challenges. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 2(9), 267–272.

[33] Okwute, S. K. (2012), Plants as potential sources of pesticidal agents: a review. In: Soundararajan, R. P. (ed.), Pesticides – advances in chemical and botanical pesticides. InTech: USA. 207–323.

[34] Ekefan, E. Eche, C. (2013), Indigenous biopesticides use and biodiversity management. In: Proceedings of the 9th National Conference on Organic Agriculture in Nigeria. Nigeria: NCOAN.

[35] Lale, N. E. S. (2002), Stored-product entomology and acarology in tropical Africa. Mole Publishers, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

[36] FMARD. Agriculture promotion policy of Nigeria. Agricultural policies in Nigeria 2017 [cited on: 31 August 2017]; available at:

[37] Alabi, O., Banwo, O., Alabi, S. (2006), Crop pest management and food security in Nigerian agriculture. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 39(6), 457–464.

Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Agriculture and Environment

The Journal of Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 503 501 38
PDF Downloads 223 222 23