Historical gardens of the Banat region

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The aim of the article is the studying of a frequently seen phenomenon, which is the loss of value as far as some buildings and their surroundings are concerned, which, at the moment of their construction, held great historical and architectural value, but in time they have gradually lost their value due to political, social, and cultural changes. In the Banat region of the first half of the 19th century, we can remark the dominance of the neoclassical style. The parks of the Banat region, apart from their role of satisfying the visual aesthetic appearances, are very well adapted to the place. They are unique, but the pattern after which they were conceived is common, according to the fashion of the era in which they were created. The subject of the research develops around the historical gardens belonging to certain historical monuments. The aim of researching these landscape arrangements is the investigation of the present-day situation and their evolution that has led to their actual transformation.

[1] Borovszky, Samu (1911), Magyarország vármégyei és városai enciklopediája: Torontál vármegye. Budapest; (1914), Magyarország vármegyéi és városai enciklopediája: Temes vármegye. Budapest.

[2] Horváth, Hilda (2010), Stílus, szellem, tradíció. A történelmi Magyaroszág kastélyai. Várpalota: Szindbad Nonprofit Kft.–Trianon Múzeum Alapítvány.

[3] Timiș Office of Cadastre and Land Registration; Arad Office of Cadastre and Land Registration.

[4] The Josephine Topographic Map (in German: Josephinische Landesaufnahme), also called “The first topographical map”.

[5] The second topographical map from 1806 (Zweite oder Franziszeische Landesaufnahme). The third topographical map made between 1869 and 1887 (in German: Franzisco-Josephinische Landesaufnahme or Dritte Landesaufnahme) – “Franciscan Josephine Topographical Map”, The “Magyar Királyság” map achieved between 1869 and 1887.

[6] Fejérdy, Tamás (2014), Instituțiile protecției patrimoniului construit (Institutions of built heritage protection). Specialist manual for students and postgraduate students. Postgraduate course of specialization in the rehabilitation of the built heritage – continuous professional training and development program in the field of rehabilitation of historical monuments. Transylvania Trust 20–22.

[7] List of historical monuments in Romania. (2015) – Ministry of Culture and National Patrimony.

[8] Julean, Ionuț (2006), Șase castele neoclasice în Banat (Six neoclassical castles in Banat). Revista logiA 9, 67–76. F.A.U. Cluj-Napoca.

[9] Magyarország vármegyéi és városai [a teljes Borovszky]. Budapest: Országos Monográfia Társaság. A Magyar Tudományos Akadémia – online edition [oszk.hu]. Accessed on: 16 August 2016.

[10] Picture taken from the article by Anca Erena: The story of the Risz Family and of the Atanasievici Castle – 15.05.2013. http://expressdebanat.ro/. (Accessed on: 2 September 2016).

[11] Horváth, Hilda (2010), Stílus, szellem, tradíció. A történelmi Magyaroszág kastélyai. Várpalota: Szindbad Nonprofit Kft.–Trianon Múzeum Alapítvány [CD].

Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Agriculture and Environment

The Journal of "Sapientia" Hungarian University of Transylvania

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