The aim of this article is to discover the discourse of living spaces of Riga through the films of the Soviet period and to examine essential changes of private space in different residential structures. This study contributes to the field of human geography by conducting content analysis of a vast number of Soviet films with a focus on the development and spatial organization of apartments in Riga. The analysis of 264 films illustrates that living spaces are rarely portrayed in the Soviet cinema and they mostly provide intentionally formed idealistic information about the qualities and achievements of Soviet private space.
5. Bunkše, E. V. The Role of a Human Environment in Soviet Urban Planning. Geographical Review. Vol. 69, Issue 4, 1979, pp. 379‒394.
6. Clarke, D. B.The Cinematic City. London: Routledge, 1979, 264 p.
7. Strautmanis, I., Krastiņš, J., Buka, O., Asaris G.Arhitektura sovetskoj Latvii (Страутманис И. А., Крастиньш Я. А., Бука О.М., Асарис Г. К. Архитектура советской Латвии). Moskva: Strojizdat, 1987, 319 p.
8. Fedorov, A. The Mass and Individual Terror in the Mirror of the Soviet and Russian Cinema (the Feature Films of the Sound Period) and Media Literacy Education. European Research. Vol. 101, Issue 12, 2015, pp. 778–771. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2717935
9. French, R.A.Plans, pragmatism and people: the legacy of Soviet planning for today’s cities. London: UCL Press, 1995. 225 p.
10. Gerasimova, K. Public privacy in the Soviet communal apartment. Socialist spaces: sites of everyday life in the Eastern Bloc [Crowley, D., Reid, S., eds.]. Oxford: Berg, 2002, pp. 207‒231.
11. Gerchuk, I. The Aesthetics of Everyday Life in the Khrushchev Thaw in the USSR (1954–64). Style and Socialism. Modernity and Material Culture in Post-War Eastern Europe [Reid, S.E., Crowley, D., eds.]. Oxford: Berg, 2000. 228 p.
13. Gentile, M., Sjöberg, Ö. Space of Priority: The Geography of Soviet Housing Construction in Daugavpils, Latvia. Annals of Association of American Geographers, Vol. 100, Issue 1, 2010, pp. 112‒136. https://doi.org/10.1080/00045600903378994
15. Hay, J. Piecing together what remains of the cinematic city. The Cinematic City [Clarke, D.B. ed.]. London: Routledge, 1997, pp. 211–214.
16. Hazan, A.R., Lipton, H.L., Glantz, S.A. Popular films do not reflect current tabacco use. American Journal of Public Health. 84, 1994, pp. 998‒1000.
17. Jász, B. Hidden Modernism: Architecture Theory of the Socialist Realist Gap. Periodica Polytechnica Architecture, Vol. 49, Issue 1, 2018, pp. 92–97. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPar.12168
18. Kaganovsky, L. Postmemory, Counter-memory: Soviet Cinema of the 1960s. The Socialist Sixties: Crossing Borders in the Second World [Gorsuch, D. Koenker ed.]. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2013, pp. 235‒243.
21. Lukinbeal, C., Zimmermann, S.The Geography of Cinema – A Cinematic World. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, 2008. 205 p.
22. Mazierska, E. Squeezing Space, Releasing Space: Spatial Research in the Study of Eastern European Cinema. Cinema, State Socialism and Society in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1917‒1989: Re-visions [S. Bahun, J. Haynes, eds.]. 2014, p. 9.
23. Näripea, E. HOME and AWAY: Urban Representations in 1980s Soviet Estonian Cinema. Spec. issue of Place and Location: Studies in Environmental Aesthetics and Semiotics, 2003, pp. 405‒431.
24. Näripea, E. Medieval socialist realism: Representations of Tallinn Old Town in Soviet Estonian feature films, 1969–1972. Spec. issue of Place and Location: Studies in Environmental Aesthetics and Semiotics, IV, 2004, pp. 121‒144.
25. Näripea, E. National Space, (Trans)National Cinema. Estonian Film in the 1960s. A Companion to Eastern European Cinema [Imre, A., ed.]. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, pp. 244‒255.
26. Novikova, I. The Cinematic City and Itineraries in Riga, Tallinn and Vilnius. Urban Semiotics: The City as a Cultural-Historical Phenomena. [Pilshchikov, I. ed.]. Tallinn: Tallinn University Press, 2015, pp. 119‒142.
27. Oukaderova, L.The Cinema of the Soviet Thaw: Space, Materiality, Movement. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2017. 228 p.
28. Prokhorov, A.Springtime for Soviet Cinema. Re/Viewing the 1960s. Pittsburgh: Russian Film Symposium, 2001. 50 p.
29. Reid, S. The Khrushchev Kitchen: Domesticating the Scientific-Technological Revolution. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 40, Issue 2, 2005, pp. 289‒315. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022009405051554
30. Reid, S. Khrushchev Modern: Agency and Modernization in the Soviet Home. Cahiers Du Monde Russe, Vol. 47, Issue 1, 2006, pp. 227‒258.
31. Reid, S. The meaning of home: “The only bit of the world you can have to yourself”. Borders of Socialism. [Siegelbaum, L. H. ed.]. Private Spheres of Soviet Russia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, pp. 145‒162.
33. Rose, G. Teaching visualised geographies: towards a methodology for the interpretation of visual materials. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, Vol. 20, Issue 3, 1996, pp. 281–294. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098269608709373
34. Rose, G.Visual methodologies: An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials. London: Sage, 2007. 304 p.
40. Varga-Harris, C. Homemaking and the Aesthetic and Moral Perimeters of the Soviet Home During the Khrushchev Era. Journal of Social History, Vol. 41, Issue 3, 2008, pp. 561‒589. https://doi.org/10.1353/jsh.2008.0051
41. Varga-Harris, C. Stories of House and Home: Soviet Apartment Life During the Khrushchev Years. New York: Cornell University Press, 2015. 296 p.