Behavioural and physiological responses of West African Dwarf Goat dams and kids subjected to short-term separation

Open access

Abstract

Nineteen West African Dwarf (WAD) goats were used to investigate the physiological and behavioural responses of dams and kids to short-term separation. The dams were naturally mated with bucks and after parturition the kids remained with their respective dams for 5 weeks. Thereafter, the dams were separated from their kids for 10 minutes / week for three weeks (week 5 – 7). Physiological indicators, namely, eye temperature (ET), heart rate (HRT) and blood glucose (GLUC) were taken from each dam, while the ET and HRT were taken from the kids before and after the separation. The behaviours of the dams and kids were recorded during the separation period at the 7th week. Changes (before minus after) in the physiological parameters (ET, HRT and GLU) for the three weeks were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA while the behavioural data were analysed using non parametric test (SPSS statistical package). The ΔGLUC of WAD dams was greater at the 5th than 7th week. At the 5th week also, the ΔET was greater in dams with single kids than those with twins. Litter size did not influence the behaviour of the dams during separation. A significant correlation was established between ΔHRT and urination in dams. Although sex of the kids had no significant effect on both the physiological and behavioural indicators monitored, negative correlations were established between vocalization bouts and escape attempts (r = −0.516, P < 0.01), duration of vocalisation and escape attempts (r = −0.427, P < 0.05). In conclusion, only WAD dams showed physiological responses indicative of stress during the period of separation.

Abdul-Rahman I. I., Chikpah S. K., Yaro M. (2012): Response of Djallonke lambs to repeated separation from their dams during the first week of lactation: 2. Physiological responses. Journal of Animal Production Advances 2: 527–532.

Bartolomé E., Sánchez M. J., Molina A., Schaefer A. L., Cervantes I., Valera M. (2013): Using eye temperature and heart rate for stress assessment in young horses competing in jumping competitions and its possible influence on sport performance. Animal 7: 2044–2053.

Daros R. R., Costa J. H. C., von Keyserlingk M. A. G., Hotzel M. J., Weary D. M. (2014): Separation from the dam causes negative judgement bias in dairy calves. PloS ONE 9:e98429.

Edgar J. L., Lowe J. C., Paul E. S., Nicol C. J. (2011): Avian maternal response to chick distress. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 3129–3134. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2701

Egbowon B. F., Osinowo O. A., Biobaku W. O., Dipeolu M. A. (2007): Effects of breed, age, season and week on milk secretion rate and eight hour milk yield of West African Dwarf and Red Sokoto goats. ASSET Series A, 7:13–17.

FAOSTAT (2009): Food and Agricultural Organisation Statistical databases.

Ferdman N., Murmu R. P., Bock J., Braun K., Leshem M. (2007): Weaning age, social isolation, and gender, interact to determine adult explorative and social behaviour, and dendritic and spine morphology in prefrontal cortex of rats. Behavioural Brain Research 180: 174–182.

Hersher L., Richmond J. B. (1958): Effect of post-partum separation of mother and kid on maternal care in the domestic goat. Science 128: 1342–1343.

Iyasere O. S., James I. J., Lawal K. O., Williams T. J., Oke O. E., Iyasere E. (2015): Physiological changes associated with a short-term isolation of West African Dwarf does from kids. In Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN-NIAS), Adebiyi O. A., Ogunwole O. A., Babayemi O. J. Iyayi E. A. (Eds), held on 6–10th September at the International Conference Centre, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo state, pp. 92–94.

Iyasere O. S., James I. J., Akinsanya O. O., Williams T. J., Daramola J. O. (2017): Suckling behaviour of West African Dwarf goat kids. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 44: 378–383.

James I. J., Osinowo O. A., Adegbasa O. I. (2009): Evaluation of udder traits of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats and sheep in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Environment 9: 75–87.

James I. J., Osinowo O. A., Smith O. F., Bemji M. N., Rekwot P. I. (2010): Estimation of optimal dose of Bovine Somatotropin for maximum milk yield response in West African Dwarf goats. Journal of Agricultural Science and Environment 10: 1–14.

Jerem P., Herborn K., McCafferty D., McKeegan D., Nager R. (2015): Thermal imaging to study stress non-invasively in unrestrained birds. Journal of Visualised Experiments 105: e53184.

Miranda-de la Lama G. C., Mattiello S. (2010): The importance of social behaviour for goat welfare in livestock farming. Small Ruminant Research 90: 1–10.

Ribeiro A. C., Ribeiro S. D. A. (2010): Speciality products made from goat milk. Small Ruminant Research 89: 225–233.

Rushen J., Boissy A., Terlouw C., de Passille A. M. B. (1999): Opioid peptides and behavioural and physiological responses of dairy cows to social isolation in unfamiliar surroundings. Journal of Animal Science 77: 2918–2924.

Sanders B. J., Anticevic A. (2007): Maternal separation enhances neuronal activation and cardiovascular responses to acute stress in borderline hypertensive rats. Behavioural Brain Research 183: 25–30.

Shittu O. O., Smith O. F., Osinowo O. A. (2011): Roughage to concentrate ratio on milk secretion rate in goats. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6: 2883–2888.

Siebert K., Langbein J., Schön P. C., Tuchscherer A., Puppe B. (2011): Degree of social isolation affects behavioural and vocal response pattern in dwarf goats (Capra hircus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 131: 53–62.

Simitzis P., Petrou M., Demiris N., Deligeorgis S. (2012): Effect of pre-weaning temporary isolation within different age periods on early post-weaning behaviour of juvenile lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 110: 58–72.

Stewart M., Webster J. R., Schaefer A. L., Cook N. J., Scott S. L. (2005): Infrared thermography as a non-invasive tool to study animal welfare. Animal Welfare 14: 319–325.

von Walter L. W., Lidfors L., Madej A., Dahlborn K., Hydbring-Sandberg, E. (2010): Cardiovascular, endocrine and behavioural responses to suckling and permanent separation in goats. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 52:51. doi:10.1186/1751-0147-52-51

Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 210 210 21
PDF Downloads 106 106 11