Multivariate Discrimination of Czech Autochthonous Horses

Open access


We have used a discriminant function analysis to compare morphology of five Czech autochthonous breeds (including two colour varieties as independent breeds) to test whether a small number of basic morphological variables (wither height, thoracic, nose and shin perimeter, length of head) can discriminate them. The breeds included Czech Warmblood, black and grey colour variety of the Old Kladruby horse, Czech-Moravian Belgian horse and Silesian Noriker. The tested individuals were assigned with overall 81.9% classification success to correct breed. The best classification result reached Czech Warmblood 95.7%, the black Old Kladruby horse 87.5% and Silesian Noriker, respectively, 85.7%. Czech-Moravian Belgian horse showed a poorer success of classification (60%). Discrimination analysis identified the most important variables related to their head (nose perimeter and length of the head). Based on discrimination model both colour varieties of the Old Kladruby horse clustered more closely. Similarly both cold-blooded breeds (Czech-Moravian Belgian and Silesian Noriker) grouped more together and locations of the Czech warmbloods were more apart from all others. Such result is in concordance with the origin history of these horses.

Brooks S.A., Makvandi-Nejad S., Chu E., Allen J.J., Streeter C., Gu E., McCleery B., Murphy B.A., Bellone R., Sutter N.B. (2010): Morphological variation in the horse: defining complex traits of body size and shape. Animal Genetics, 41(Suppl. 2): 159-165.

Druml T., Baumung R., Sölkner J. (2008): Morphological analysis and effect of selection for conformation in the Noriker draught horse population. Livestock Science 115: 118-128.

Gómez M.D., Azor P.J., Alonso M.E., Jordana J., Valera M. (2012): Morphological and genetic characterization of Spanish heavy horse breeds: Implications for their conservation. Livestock Science 144(1): 57-66.

IBM SPSS Statistics Base 20 (2011). IBM Corporation.

Ignor J., Cieśla A. (2009): Comparison of the exterior variables and breed structure of ancestors of the Polish Noble Half-breed and the Czech Warm-blood stallions. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Zootechnica, 8(3): 11-18.

Jakubec V., Vostrý L., Schlote W., Majzlík I., Mach, K. (2009): Selection in the genetic resource: genetic variation of the linear described type traits in the Old Kladrub horse. Archiv Tierzucht, 52(4): 343-355.

Jiskrová I., Glasnák V., Misař, D. (2002): The use of blood protein polymorphism for determining the genetic distance between the Moravian warm-blooded horse and the Czech warm-blooded and Trakehner horses. Czech Journal of Animal Science 47(3): 98-105.

Komosa M., Purzyc H. (2009): Konik and Hucul horses: a comparative study of exterior measurements. Journal of Animal Science 87(7): 2245-2254.

Price E.O. (2002): Animal Domestication and Behavior. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Sadek M.H., Al-Aboud A.Z., Ashmawy A.A. (2006): Factor analysis of body measurements in Arabian horses. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics 123(6): 369-377.

StatSoft, Inc. (2012): Electronic Statistics Textbook. Tulsa, OK: StatSoft.

Vostrý L., Čapková Z., Andrejsová L., Mach K., Majzlík I. (2009): Linear type trait analysis in colblood breeds: Czech-Moravian Belgian horse and Silesian Noriker. Slovak Journal of Animal Science 42(3): 99-106.

Vostrý L., Čapková Z., Přibyl, J., Hofmanová B., Vostrá Vydrová H., Mach K. (2011): Population structure of Czech cold-blooded breeds of horse. Archiv Tierzucht, 54(1), 1-9.

Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 74 74 5
PDF Downloads 16 16 1