Preparation and characterization of a porous material from an Algerian desert sand

Open access

Abstract

The objective of the present work is to prepare and characterize a porous material using quite particular and localized dunar sand (erg) of the desert near the El-Oued (south-east of Algeria). The porous material is prepared according to the mechanism of co-operative self-assembly. The method consists of polymerizing a silicic precursor (sodium silicate obtained by alkali fusion of sand with the sodium carbonate) around micelles of surfactant in an acid aqueous solution according to the sol-gel process. The elimination of the surfactant by calcining at high temperature leads to the final material which was characterized by XRF, XRD, MEB-EDX, FTIR and BET techniques.

[1]. Zdravkov, D.B.; Cermak, J.J., Sefara, M., Janku J., Pore classification in the characterization of porous materials: A perspective, Central European journal of chemistry, 2007, 5(2), 385-395.

[2]. Gonzalez, C.J.R. – Oliver; Shneider, M.; Nawata, K.; Kusano, H., Porous silicate beads by gelation, Journal of non-crystalline solids, 1988, 100, 274-277.

[3]. Iskander, M.; Sadek, S.; Louis, G., Geotechnical properties of silica gels, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, modeling with transparent soils, SSGG, 2010, chapter 6, 85-115.

[4]. Bagshaw, S. A., The effect of dilute electrolytes on the formation of non-ionically templated [Si]-MSUX mesoporous silica molecular sieves, Journal of materials chemistry, 2001, 11, 831-840.

[5]. Sayari, A.; Hamoudi, S.; Yang, Y., Applications of pore-expanded mesoporous silica. 1. Removal of heavy metal cations and organic polluants from wastewater, Chemistry of materials, 2005, 17 (1), 212-216.

[6]. Wang, L.K.; Yung-Tse, H.; Nazih K, S., Physico-chemical treatment processes, Handbook of environnemental engineering, Humana Press, 2005, 3, 573-576.

[7]. Kandah, M.I.; Shawabkeh, R.; Al-Zboon, M.A., Synthesis and characterization of activated carbon from asphalt, Applied surface science, 2006, 253, 821-826.

[8]. Jia Guo, A.; Chong, L., Textural and Chemical Characterizations of Adsorbent Prepared fromPalm Shell by Potassium Hydroxide Impregnation at Different Stages, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2002, 254, 227-233.

[9]. Ono, M.; Yoshii, K.; Kurroki, T.; Yamasaki, N.; Tsunematsu, S.; Bignall, G., Development of porous silica production by hydrothermal method, High pressure research, 2001, 20, 307-310.

[10]. Mekatel, E.; Amokrane, S.; Aid, A.; Nibou, D.; Trari, M., Adsorption of methyl orange on nanoparticles of a synthetic zeolite NaA/CuO, Comptes Rendus Chimie, 2015, 18(3), 336-344.

[11]. Peng, C.; Liu Z., Preparation of nanosized SSZ-13 zeolite with enhanced hydrothermal stability by a two-stage synthetic method, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2018, 255, 192-199.

[12]. Ling, R.; Chen, W.; Hou, J., Preparation of modified MFI (ZSM-5 and silicalite-1) zeolites for potassium extraction from seawater, Particuology, 2018, 36, 190-192.

[13]. Bentaleb, K., Enhanced adsorption of 2, 4-dichlorophenol from aqueous solution using modified low cost Algerian geomaterial, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2017, 80, 578-588.

[14]. Sdiri, A.; Higashi T.; Bouaziz, S.; Benzina, M., Synthesis and characterization of silica gel from siliceous sands of southern Tunisia, Arabian journal of chemistry, 2014, 7, 486-493.

[15]. Tadros, T.F. Applied surfactants, principales and applications, Eds., Wiley

[16]. Wang, J.; Huang, S.; Hu, K., Zhou, K.; Sun, H.: Effect of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide on morphology and porous structure of mesoporous hydroxyapatite, Transactions of nonferrous metals of society of China, 2015, 25(2), 483-489.

[17]. Benamor, T., Synthèse et caractérisation de silices mésoporeuses hydrophobes à porosité controlee, Doctorate thesis, University of Haute Alsace, France, 2011.

[18]. Ramasamy, V.; Suresh, G., Mineral characterization and crystalline nature of quartz in Ponnaiyar river sediments, Tamilnadu, India, American-Eurasian, Journal of Scientific Research, 2009, 4(2), 103-107.

[19]. Gremlich, H.U.; Bing, Y. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Biological Materials, Eds., Marcel Dekker, Inc, 2001.

[20]. Long, G.; Ji, Y.; Pan, H.; Sun, Z.; Li, Y.; Qin, G., Characterization of thermal denaturation structure and morphology of soy glycinin by FTIR and SEM, International journal of food properties, 2015, 18(4), 763-774.

[21]. Alfaro, P.; Palavicini, A.; Wang, C., Hydrogen, oxygen and hydroxyl on porous silicon surface: A joint density-functional perturbation theory and infrared spectroscopy approach, Thin Solid Films, 2014, 571(1), 206-211.

[22]. Singh, K.; Bala, I.; Kumar, V., Structural, optical and bioactive properties of calcium borosilicate glasses, Ceramics International, 2009, 35, 3401-3406.

[23]. Brunnaur, S.; Emmett, P.H.; Teller, E., Adsorption of gases in multimolecular layers, Contribution from the Bureau of chemistry and soils and george Washington university, 1938, 60, 309-319.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 245 245 35
PDF Downloads 131 131 8