Macrofungi in the Botanical Garden of the University of West Hungary, Sopron

Open access

Abstract

Botanical gardens have diverse habitats and floristic conditions. The aim of this study was to examine whether these specific environmental conditions have a positive impact on the appearance of mushrooms. Between 2011 and 2013, mycological observations were performed in the Botanical Garden of the University of West Hungary, Sopron. A total of 171 mushrooms species were identified. Several rare species and two protected species were found. The identification and classification of the species reveal how botanical gardens provide a special habitat for mushrooms. These features of botanical gardens are beneficial for fungal dissemination and preservation.

ARNOLDS, E. - KUYPER, T.W. - NOORDELOOS, M. E. (1995) (eds.): Overzicht van de paddestoelen in Nederland. [Overview of mushrooms in the Netherlands] - Nederlandse Mycologische Vereniging, Wijster 871 p. (in Dutch)

ARONSEN, A. (2013): The Mycena Page. Arenson, Torod, Norway. Online: http://home.online.no/~araronse/mycenapage/mycenapage.html.

ASSOYOV, B. - MIKSIK,M. (2013): The Bolatales. Assoyov, Sofia, Bulgaria. Online: http://boletales.com/

BANDINI, D. (2014): Inocybe. Bandini, Wiesenbach, Germany. Online: http://www.inocybe.org/

BRICKELL, C. D. (1991): The educational role of botanic and related gardens. Acta Horticulturae. 299: 59-67.

BUJAKIEWICZ, A. - KUJAWA A. (2000): Macrofungi of manorial park in Turew near Poznan. Acta Mycologica 35 (2): 183-195.

BOHUS, G. - KALMAR, Z. - UBRIZSY, G. (1951): Magyarorszag kalaposgombai [Macrofungi of Hungary]. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest 511 p. (in Hungarian)

CSERPES, T. - KOCSO, M. (1996): Index Plantarum. Az Erdeszeti es Faipari Egyetem Botanikus Kertjenek novenyjegyzeke [Forestry and Wood Industry University's botanical garden plant list]. Tilia 4: 4-128. (in Hungarian)

DISCHUK, N. G. (2001): Phytopathology state of coniferous and deciduous trees of the Central Botanical Garden NAS of Belarus. In SALAŠ, P. (ed), Proceedings of 9th International Conference of Horticulture, Lednice, 644-646.

DONGYAN, H. -ZUOSHUANG, Z. (2008). The role of botanical gardens in horticultural science. Acta Horticulturae 769: 493-496.

FOLCZ, A. - BORCSOK, Z. - DIMA, B. - FRANK, N. (2013): A Soproni-hegyseg bazidiumos nagygombainak erdeszeti szempontu vizsgalata. [Macrofungi (Basidiomycota) investigations in the Sopron Hills (Western Hungary) from forestry point of view] Erdeszettudomanyi Kozlemenyek 3: 179-194. (in Hungarian)

FRANK, N. (1997): Adatok a Soproni Dudlesz erdő nagygombavilagahoz. [Date on the fungi-world on Sopron Dudlesz-woods]. Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 36 (1): 13-21. (in Hungarian)

FROSLEV, T. - STJERNEGAARD, T. (2013): The Phlegmacium website. Froslev T., Copenhagen K, Denmark. Online: http://www.cortinarius.org/

GUBITZ, C. (2012): Mycofloristic studies of the greenhouses in the botanical garden of Bayreuth - part 2. Zeitschrift Fur Mykologie 78 (1): 9-52.

GALLI, R. (1996): Le Russule - 1a ed. [The Russula] Edinatura srl, Milano. 480 p. (In Italian)

HAWKSWORTH, D. L. (1991): The fungal dimension of biodiversity: magnitude, significance, and conservation. Mycological Research 95: 641-655.

HILL, A. W. (1915): The History and Functions of Botanic Gardens. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 2(1/2): 185-240.

HU, D. -ZHANG, Z. (2008): The role of botanical gardens in horticular science. Acta Horticulturae 769: 493-496.

IGMANDY, Z. (1991): A magyar erdők taplogombai [Tinders of the Hungarian forests] - Akademiai kiado, Budapest. 112 p. (in Hungarian)

KAPOSVARI, L. (2013): A miskolci Nepkert nagygombavilaganak vizsgalata [Mushrooms of the Nepkert in Miskolc]. Mikologiai kozlemenyek Clusiana 52 (1-2): 5-20. (in Hungarian)

KASPROWICZ, M. - JAGODZIŃSKI, A. M., - SKORUPSKI, M. - WOJTERSKA, M. - DOBIES, T. - KAŁUCKA, I. - SŁAWSKA, M. - WIERZBICKA, A. - ŁABĘDZKI, A. - NOWIŃSKI, M. KAROLEWSKI, P. - OLEKSYN, J. - BANASZCZAK, P. -MAŁEK, S. (2011): The list of plants, fungi and invertebrates of noble fir (Abies procera Rehder) experimental stands in Rogow Arboretum (Poland). Acta Scientiarum Polonica Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria 10 (4): 17-27.

KUNDSEN, H. - VESTERHOLT, J. (2012) (eds.): Funga Nordica. Vol. 2. Agaricoid, Boletoid and Cyphelloid genera. Nordsvamp, Copenhagen. 1083 p.

KOCSO, M. (1996): Egyetemi Botanikus Kert - Sopron [Botanical Garden of Sopron]. Tajak Korok Muzeumok Kiskonyvtara 537. szam. TKM Egyesulet. Sorozatszerkesztő: Priszter Szaniszlo. Budapest. 24 p. (in Hungarian)

KOCSO, M. (2008): Az erdeszeti felsőoktatas botanikus kertje [Botanical Garden of the foresters higher education]. In: Albert L. (ed.) (2008): Az erdeszeti felsőoktatas 200 eve. Sopron Nyugat- Magyarorszagi Egyetem Erdőmernoki Kar: 145-165 (in Hungarian)

KONECSNI, I. - RIMOCZI, I. - TERPO, A. (1973): A Soroksari Botanikus Kert gombai es gomba bemutatasa. [Macrofungi of Soroksar Botanical Garden] - A Kerteszeti Egyetem kiadvanyai, Novenytani Tanszek es Soroksari Botanikus Kert: 62-76 (in Hungarian)

KRIEGLSTEINER, G. J. (2000a): Die Grosspilze Baden-Wurttembergs. Band 1. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, 629 p.

KRIEGLSTEINER, G. J. (2000b): Die Grosspilze Baden-Wurttembergs. Band 2. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, 620 p.

LADD, D. - HARRIS, R. C. - BUCK, W. R. (2009): Lichens and related fungi of Highstead Arboretum, Fairfield County, Connecticut Opuscula Philolichenum, 6: 81-86.

LISIEWSKA, M. - STRAKULSKA, M. (2002): Biodiversity of macrofungi of selected field, afforestation in the agroecological landscape park near Turew (central Wielkopolska), Polish Botanical Journal 47 (2): 167-181.

LUKACS, Z. - LOVAS, J. - KARNYACZKI, C. (2010): Tropusi gombak a budapesti allatkertben. [Tropical fungi in Zoo of Budapest] Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 49 (1-2): 121-127. (in Hungarian)

LUKACS, Z. - LOVAS, J. - KARNYACZKI, C. (2011): Erdekes gombak a fővarosi allat es novenykertből. [Interesting fungi in the Zoo and Botanical Garden of Budapest] Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 50 (1): 49-54. (in Hungarian)

LUSZCZYNSKI, J. (1997): Interesting macromycetes found in the Kielce town (Central Poland). Acta Mycologica 32 (2): 207-228.

MAGYAR KOZLONY (2013): A videkfejlesztesi miniszter 83/2013. (IX. 25.) VM rendelete a vedett es a fokozottan vedett noveny- es allatfajokrol, a fokozottan vedett barlangok koreről, valamint az Europai Kozossegben termeszetvedelmi szempontbol jelentős noveny- es allatfajok kozzeteteleről szolo 13/2001. (V. 9.) KoM rendelet modositasarol [Publication of the Minister for Rural Development about the protected plant and animal species, protected caves.] 156: 67479- 67504. (in Hungarian)

MOORE, D. - NAUTA, M. M. - EVANS, S. E. - ROTHEROE, M. (eds.) (2001): Fungal conservation: issues and solutions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 262 p.

NEMKY, E. - VANCSURA, R. (1970): Az erdeszeti felsőoktatas botanikus kertjenek tortenete [History of the Botanical Garden of the foresters higher education]. In: Herpay I. (ed.) (1970): Mindnyajan voltunk egyszer az Akademian… Sopron, 191-1969. Az Erdeszeti es Faipari Egyetem Jubileumi evkonyve. Sopron. 261-283 p. (in Hungarian) PAL-FAM, F. (2001): Macrofungi in human habitats. Zeszyty Naukowe 236- Rolnictwo 47: 65-71.

PAL-FAM, F. - BENEDEK, L. - RIMOCZI, I. (2004): Conservation of Macrofungi in Hungary: possibilities and perspectives. Termeszetvedelmi Kozlemenyek 11: 163-173. (in Hungarian)

PAL-FAM, F. - BOROS, V. (2006): Nagygombak vizsgalata Kaposvar varosban. [Macrofungi examination in Kaposvar city]. Somogyi Muzeumi Kozlemenyek 17(B): 7-16. (in Hungarian)

PIDLICH-AIGNER, H. - HAUSKNECHT, A. - SCHEUER, C. (2002): Annotated List of Macromycetes Found in the Greenhouses of the Botanic Garden of the Institute of Botany in Graz (Austria), 1998 - 2001. Fritschiana (Graz) 32: 49-61.

RIMOCZI, I. (1993): Gombaconologiai es aszpektus vizsgalatok a Pesti-siksag vedett teruleten. [Mycocenological and aspect investigations in the protected area of Pest-plain] - Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 32 (1-2): 43-69. (in Hungarian)

RIMOCZI, I. (1998): A Soroksari Botanikus Kert nagygomba-vilaganak vedendő fajai. [To be protected species of mushrooms of the Soroksar Botanical Garden.] Lippay Janos - Vass Karoly Nemzetkozi Tudomanyos Ulesszak 1998. IX. p. 50-51. (in Hungarian)

RIMOCZI, I. - SILLER, I. - VASAS, G. - ALBERT, L. - VETTER, J. - BRATEK, Z. (1999): Magyarorszag nagygombainak javasolt Voros Listaja. [Suggested macrofungi red list of Hungary] - Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 38 (1-3): 107-132. (in Hungarian)

RINALDI, A. C. - COMANDINI, O. - KUYPER, T. W. (2008): Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity separating the Wheat from the chaff. Fungal Diversyti 33: 1-45.

SILLER, I. - DIMA, B. - ALBERT, L. - VASAS, G. - FODOR, L. - PAL-FAM, F. - BRATEK, Z. - ZAGYVA I. (2006): Vedett nagygombafajok Magyarorszagon. [Protected macrofungi of Hungary] - Mikologiai Kozlemenyek, Clusiana 45 (1-3): 3-158. (in Hungarian)

SILLER, I. - VASAS, G. - PAL-FAM, F. - FODOR, L. (2005): The State of protection of macrofungi in Hungary. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, 52(2): 199-219.

SKORUPSKI,M. - JAGODZIŃSKI, A.M. - KAŁUCKA, I. - KASPROWICZ,M. -WOJTERSKA,M. - DOBIES, T. - SŁAWSKA, M. - WIERZBICKA, A. - ŁABĘDZKI, A. - OLESZYŃSKA-NIŻNIOWSKA, J. - NOWIŃSKI, M. - MAŁEK, S. - KAROLEWSKI, P. - OLEKSYN, J. - BANASZCZAK, P (2011): Plants, fungi and invertebrates of grand fir [Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl.] experimental stands in Rogow Arboretum (Poland). Acta Scientarum Polonorum Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria 10 (4): 39-49.

SZOBER, J. (1965): Grzyby wyższe Ogrodu Botanicznego Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. Zobserwacji prowadzonych wlatach 1961-1963. Państwowe Wydawn. Naukowe, Warszawa, 17 p.

SZCZEPKOWSKI, S. A. (2007): Macromycetes in the Dendrological Park of the Warsaw Agricultural University. Acta Mycologica, 42 (2): 179-186.

SZCZEPKOWSKI, S. A. -GIERCZYK, B. -KUJAWA, A. (2014): Greenhouses of botanical gardens as a habitat of alien and native macrofungi: a case study in Poland. Central European Journal of Biology 9 (8): 777-795.

SZUCS P. (2008): Mohaflorisztikai vizsgalatok a Soproni Botanikus Kertben. [Bryofloristic studies in Botanic Garden in Sopron]. Kitaibella 13(1): 193. (in Hungarian)

ROBERT, V. - STEGEHUIS, G. - STALPERS, J. (2014): The MycoBank engine and related databases.

CBS-KNAW, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Online: http://www.mycobank.org

TULLOSS, R. E. - YANG, Z. L. (2014): Studies in the Amanitaceae. Tulloss R. E., Yang Z. L., (eds.) Roosevelt, New Jersey. Online: http://www.amanitaceae.org?home

TURRINI, A. - GIOVANNETTI, M. (2012): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in national parks, nature reserves and protected areas worldwide: a strategic perspective for their in situ conservation.

Mycorrhiza, 22 (2): 81-97.

VARESE, G.C. - ANGELINIB, P. - BENCIVENGAB,M. - BUZZINIC, P. - DONNINIB, D. - GARGANOD,M. L. - MAGGIE, O. - PECORAROF, L. - PERSIANIE, A. M. - SAVINOG, E. - TIGINIA, V. -TURCHETTIC, B. - VANNACCIH, G. - VENTURELLAD, G - ZAMBONELLII, A. (2011): Ex situ conservation and exploitation of fungi in Italy. Plant Biosystems, 145 (4): 997-1005.

VENTURELLAA, G. - ALTOBELLIB, E. - BERNICCHIAC, A. - DI PIAZZAD, S. - DONNINIE, D. - GARGANOA, M. L. - GORJONF, S. P. -GRANITOG, V. M. - LANTIERIH, A. - LUNGHINIG, D. - MONTEMARTINID, A. - PADOVANI, F. - PAVARINOD,M. - PECORAROJ, L. - PERINIK, C. - RANAL, G. - RIPAM, C. - SALERNIK, E. - SAVINOB, E. - TOMEIN, P. E. - VIZZINIO, A. - ZAMBONELLIP, A. - ZOTTID, M. (2011): Fungal biodiversity and in situ conservation in Italy. Plant Biosystems, 145 (4): 950-957.

Acta Silvatica et Lignaria Hungarica

The Journal of University of West Hungary

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.136
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.159

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 88 88 11
PDF Downloads 34 34 7