Consecutive repetition of lordosis-kyphosis in silverside Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 collected from a wild population in Homa Lagoon, Izmir, Turkey

Open access


The incidence of severe consecutive repetition of lordosis-kyphosis involving three flexions was reported in a specimen of the atherinid fish Atherina boyeri Risso. The values for the angles lay between the lines passing through the sides of the vertebral column and enclosing the curvatures, and the depth of the curvatures of the angles was obtained. Also, the ratio of the vertebral column to the fish total length of deformed and normal specimens of this species was calculated. Possible causes for these anomalies are discussed.

Afonso J.M., Astorga N., Navarro A., Montero D., Zamorano M.J., Izquierdo M. 2009 – Genetic determination of skeletal deformities in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) – In: IAFSB 2009 Book of abstracts, p. 90. Communication Interdisciplinary Approaches in Fish Skeletal Biology, 27-29 April 2009, Tavira, Algarve, Portugal.

Afonso J.M., Montero D., Robaina L., Astorga N., Izquierdo M.S., Ginés R. 2000 – Association of a lordosis-scoliosis-kyphosis deformity in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) with family structure – Fish Physiolol. Biochem. 22: 159-163.

Andrades J.A., Becerra J., Fernández-Liebrez P. 1996 – Skeletal deformities in larval, juvenile and adult stages of cultured gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) – Aquaculture 141: 1-11.

Bhatnager R. S., Hussain M. A. 1977 – Interference with steps in collagen synthesis: a test for pulmonary toxicity of environmental agents – In: Proceedings of the 4th Joint Conference of Sensing Environmental Pollutants, Washington DC: American Chemical Society: 527-531.

Bizsel N., Uslu O. 2000 – Phosphate, nitrogen and iron enrichment in the polluted Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea – Mar. Environ. Res. 49: 101-122.

Boglione C., Gagliardi G., Scardi M., Cataudella S. 2001 – Skeletal descriptors and quality assessment in larvae and post-larvae of wild-caught and hatchery-reared gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L. 1758) – Aquaculture 192: 1-22.

Boglione C., Gavaia P., Koumoundouros G., Gisbert E., Moren M., Fontagne S. 2013 – Skeletal anomalies in reared European fish larvae and juveniles. Part 1: normal and anomalous skeletogenic processes – Rev. Aquacult. 5: 99-120.

Boglione C., Marino G., Fusari A., Ferreri A., Finoia M.G., Cataudella S. 1995 – Skeletal anomalies in Dicentrarchus labrax juveniles selected for functional swimbladder – ICES marine Sei. Symp. 201: 163-169.

Boglione C., Marino G., Giganti M., Longobardi A., De Marzi P., Cataudella S. 2009 – Skeletal anomalies in dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe 1834) juveniles reared with different methodologies and larval densities – Aquaculture 291: 48-60.

Bogutskaya N.G., Zuykov M.A., Naseka A.M., Anderson E.B. 2011 – Normal axial skeleton structure in common roach Rutilus rutilus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) and malformations due to radiation contamination in the area of the Mayak (Chelyabinsk Province, Russia) nuclear plant – J. Fish Biol. 79: 991-1016.

Cataudella S., Palamara E., Ferrante I., Prestinicola L., Velluti F., Costa C. 2011 – Validation of morpho-physiological indicators of the productive chain of (Dicentrarchus labrax) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), and reference modeling for an expert system – Final report Research Project 7C144 Italian Ministry for Agricultural and Forestry Politics (in Italian with extended abstract in English).

Chatain B. 1994 – Abnormal swimbladder development and lordosis in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and sea bream (Sparus auratus) – Aquaculture 119: 371-379.

Divanach P., Boglione C., Menu B., Koumoundouros G., Kentouri M., Cataudella S. 1996 – Abnormalities in finfish mariculture: an overview of the problem, causes and solutions – In: Seabass and Seabream Culture: Problems and Prospects (Eds) B. Chatain, M. Saroglia, J. Sweetman, P. Lavens, European Aquaculture Society, Oostende, Belgium: 45-66.

Fjelldal P.G., Hansen T., Breck O., Sandvik R., Waagbø R., Berg, A., Ørnsrud R. 2009 – Supplementation of dietary minerals during the early seawater phase increases vertebral strength and reduce the prevalence of vertebral deformities in fast-growing under-yearling Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolt – Aquacult. Nutr. 15: 366-378.

Gavaia P.J., Domingues S., Engrola S., Drake P., Sarasquete C., Dinis M.T., Cancela M.L. 2009 – Comparing skeletal development of wild and hatchery-reared Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis, Kaup 1858): evaluation in larval and postlarval stages – Aquac. Res. 40: 1585-1593.

Golani D., Öztürk B., Başusta N. 2006 – Fishes of the Eastern Mediterranean – Turkish Marine Research Foundation (Publication No. 24), Istanbul, Turkey.

Gorman K. F., Handrigan G. R., Jin G., Wallis R., Breden F. 2010 – Structural and micro-anatomical changes in vertebrae associated with idiopathic-type spinal curvature in the curveback guppy model – Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders 5: 1-13

Helland S., Refstie S., Espmark A., Hjelde K., Baeverfjord G. 2005 – Mineral balance and bone formation in fast-growing Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar) in response to dissolved metabolic carbon dioxide and restricted dietary phosphorus supply – Aquaculture 250: 364-376.

Huysseune A. 2000 – Skeletal system – In: The Laboratory fish (Ed.) G.K. Ostrander, Academic Press, London: 307-317.

Iguchi H., Sano S. 1982 – Effect of cadmium in the bone collagen metabolism of rat – Toxicol. Appl. Pharm. 62: 126-136.

Ishikawa Y. 1990 – Development of caudal structures of a morphogenetic mutant (Da) in the teleost fish, medaka (Oryzias latipes) – J. Morphol. 205: 219-232.

Jawad L.A. 2014 – Vertebral abnormalities in the oriental sole Brachirus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (Teleostei, Hetrosomata) collected from the coasts of Muscat City on the Sea of Oman – Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Botanica Zoologia 38: 193-196.

Jawad L., Liu J. 2015 – First record of vertebral anomalies in some members of the genus Pampus (Family: Stromateidae) collected from Guangdong, China and from the Kii Peninsula, Honshu Island, Japan – Mar. Biodivers. Rec. 8: 1-5.

Jawad A.L.J., Al-Shogebai S., Al-Mamry J.M. 2013a – A reported case of malpigmentation in the spangled emperor Lethrinus nebulosus (Osteichthyes: Lethrinidae) collected from the arabian sea coasts of Oman – Thalassia Salent. 35: 29-36.

Jawad L., Sadighzadeh Z., Salarpouri A., Aghouzbeni S. 2013b – Anal Fin Deformity in the Longfin Trevally, Carangoides armatus – Korean J. Ichthyol. 25: 169-172.

Jawad L.A., Al-Faisal A.J., Al-Mukhtar M. 2015a – A case of vertebral coalescence in Lucibarbus xanthopterus (Heckel, 1843) (Pisces: Cyprinidae) obtained from the lower reaches of Mesopotamia – Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 57: 127-132.

Jawad L.A., Wallace A., Dyck W. 2015b – Documentation of the case of hyperostosis in the silver bream, Pagrus auratus (Forster, 1801) sampled from waters around New Zealand – Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, Săo Paulo 41: 1043-1047.

Jawad L.A., Fjelldal P.G., Hansen T. 2016 – First report on vertebral abnormality in the fivebeard rockling Ciliata mustela (Linnaeus, 1758) (Osteichthyes: Lotidae) from Masfjorden, Western Norway – Mar. Biodivers. 1: 1-5.

Kontas A., Kucuksezgin F., Altay O., Uluturhan E. 2004 – Monitoring of eutrophication and nutrient limitation in the Izmir Bay (Turkey) before and after Wastewater Treatment Plant – Environ. Int. 29: 1057-1062.

Koumoundouros G. 2010 – Morpho-anatomical abnormalities in Mediterranean marine aquaculture – In: Recent Advances in Aquaculture Research (Ed.) G. Koumoundouros, Transworld Research Network, Kerala, India: 125-148.

Kranenbarg S., Waarsing J.H., Müller M., Weinans H., van Leeuwen J.L. 2005 – Lordotic vertebrae in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) are adapted to increased loads – J. Biomech. 38: 1239-1246.

Kucuksezgin F., Kontas A., Uluturhan E. 2011 – Evaluations of heavy metal pollution in sediment and Mullus barbatus from the Izmir Bay (Eastern Aegean) during 1997-2009 – Mar. Pollut. Bull. 62: 1562-1571.

Kucuksezgin F., Kontas A., Altay O., Uluturhan E., Darlmaz E. 2006 – Assessment of marine pollution in Izmir Bay: Nutrient, heavy metal and total hydrocarbon concentrations – Environ. Int. 32: 41-51.

Luh M.D., Baker R.A., Henley D.E. 1973 – Arsenic analysis and toxicity - A review – Sci. Total Environ. 2: 1-12.

Martens G.L., Witten P.E., Fivelstad S., Huysseune A., Sævareid B., Vikeså V., Obach A. 2006 – Impact of high water carbon dioxide levels on Atlantic salmon smolts (Salmo salar L.): Effects on fish performance, vertebrae composition and structure – Aquaculture 261: 80-88.

Odabasi M., Cetin B., Demircioglu E., Sofuoglu A. 2008 – Air-water exchange of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) at a coastal site in Izmir Bay, Turkey – Mar. Chem. 109: 115-129.

Pekey H. 2006 – The distribution and sources of heavy metals in Izmit Bay surface sediments affected by a polluted stream – Mar. Pollut. Bull. 52: 1197-1208.

Shin D.H., Lee E., Kim J-W., Kwon B-S., Jung M-K., Jee Y-H., Kim J., Bae S-R., Chang Y-P. 2004 – Protective effect of growth hormone on neuronal apoptosis after hypoxia–ischemia in the neonatal rat brain – Neurosci. Lett. 354: 64-68.

Sfakianakis D.G., Koumoundouros G., Divanach P., Kentouri M. 2004 – Osteological development of the vertebral column and of the fins in Pagellus erythrinus (L. 1758). Temperature effect on the developmental plasticity and morpho-anatomical abnormalities – Aquaculture 232: 407-424.

Yershov P.N. 2008 – The vertebral abnormalities in eelpout Zoarces viviparus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces, Zoarcidae) – Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 312: 74-82.

Fisheries & Aquatic Life

The Journal of Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.53

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.204
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.493


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 185 185 10
PDF Downloads 84 84 13