Effect of Noise Generated by the Wind Turbine on the Quality of Goose Muscles and Abdominal Fat

Małgorzata Karwowska 1 , Jan Mikołajczak 2 , Sylwester Borowski 3 , Zbigniew Józef Dolatowski 1 , Joanna Marć-Pieńkowska 2  and Waldemar Budziński 2
  • 1 Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland
  • 2 Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • 3 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the physicochemical properties of breast and thigh muscles and fatty acid composition of abdominal fat of geese reared at a distance of 50 metres from the wind turbine compared to those reared 460 metres from the wind turbine. The study was carried out on 40 Kołuda White® geese (Anser anser f. domestica) divided into two groups: Treatment 1 - reared at a distance of 50 metres and Treatment 2 - reared at a distance of 460 metres from the wind turbine (Vestas V90 wind turbine). The muscles were analysed for pH, thermal loss, shear force, TBARS values and colour parameters (L* a* b*). The fatty acids composition of abdominal fat was also analysed. The results of the present study suggest that noise generated by the wind turbine affected the quality of muscles and the fatty acid profile of abdominal fat of geese. The results showed that the muscles of geese reared at a distance of 50 metres from the wind turbine were characterized by higher pH and TBARS values compared to those reared at a longer distance from the wind turbine. The significantly lower content of C 18:3 n-3 fatty acid in abdominal fat was observed for geese reared 50 metres from the wind turbine. Further studies should be undertaken to establish the safe distance of a wind turbine from livestock buildings

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