Chemical and Biological Characteristics of Different Hydrated Monocalcium Phosphates for Broiler Chickens

Open access

Chemical and Biological Characteristics of Different Hydrated Monocalcium Phosphates for Broiler Chickens

Three hydrated monocalcium phosphates differing in purity (with or without monetite, or monetite and calcite) and in crystalline structure were used in broiler chickens diets. The performance indices, concentration of Ca, P and Mg and activity of alkaline phosphatase in blood plasma, the content of these mineral elements in bones, and physico-mechanical parameters of femur and tibia bones were recorded. Body weight on 35th day of life, feed intake and mechanical parameters of bone quality were slightly affected by the type of phosphates used. Higher Ca and P concentration in blood was stated in chickens fed diets with greater purity of phosphates, but activity of alkaline phosphatase has increased with the admixture of monetite or calcite used in phosphates. The best parameters of bone quality were found in the treatment in which hydrated monocalcium phosphate (MCP) with admixture of monetite and calcite was applied. Higher concentration of both Ca and Mg in bone was determined in chickens fed diets with pure phosphates.

Almeida Paz I. C. L., Mendes A. A., Takita T. S., Vulcano L. C., Guerra P. C., Wechsler F. S., Garcia R. G., Takahashi S. E., Moreira J., Pelícia K., Komiyama C. M., Quinteiro R. R. (2005). Comparison of techniques for tibial dyschondroplasia assessment in broiler chickens. Braz. J. Poultry Sci., 7, 1: 27-31.

AOAC (2005) Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Official Analytical Chemists; AOAC International. Ed.: Cunniff. P. 17th Edition AOAC International: Arlington. VA.

Baruah J. N., Reid B. L., Couch J. R. (1958). A comparison of methods for estimating phosphorus availability. Poultry Sci., Abstr., 37: 1183.

Bleux W., Engellandt T., Zwart J. (2002). The phosphorus digestibility of 3 feed phosphates for broilers. Proc. 7th Tagung Schweine - u. Geflügelernährung, Halle-Lutherstadt, pp. 207-209.

Coffey R. D., Mooney K. W., Cromwell G. L., Aaron D. K. (1994). Biological availability of phosphorus in defluorinated phosphates with different phosphorus solubilities in neutral ammonium citrate for chicks and pigs. J. Anim. Sci., 72, 10: 2653-2660.

De Groote G., Huyghebaert G. (1997). The bio-availability of phosphorus from feed phosphates for broilers as influenced by bio-assay method, dietary Ca-level and feed form. Anim. Feed Sci. Techn., 69: 329-340.

EPA (2003). National pollutant discharge elimination system permit regulation and effluent limitation guidelines and standards for concentrated animal feeding operations: Final rule. Federal Register, February 12, 68: 7175-7274.

European Tables of Energy Values for Poultry Feedstuffs (1989). WPSA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 3rd ed., pp. 11-28.

Fernandes J. I. M., Lima F. R., Mendonca Jr C. X., Mabe I., Albuquerque R., Leal P. M. (1999). Relative bioavailability of phosphorus in feed and agricultural phosphates for poultry. Poultry Sci., 78: 1729-1736.

Gajda-Janiak A., Jamroz D., Wzorek Z. (2005). Physico-chemical properties of phosphates applied in animal feeding. Pol. J. Chem. Tech., 7: 20-23.

Gillis M. B., Norris L. C., Heuser G. F. (1954). Studies on the biological value of inorganic phosphates. J. Nutr., 52: 115-125.

Hemme A., Spark M., Wolf P., Paschertz H., Kamphues J. (2004). Effects of different phosphorus sources in the diet on bone composition and stability (breaking strength) in broilers. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 89: 129-133.

Jamroz D., Gajda-Janiak A., Wzorek Z., Kowalski Z. (2010). Physico-chemical evaluation of feed phosphates as a criterion of their classification. Krmiva, 52, 6: 299-315.

Jamroz D., Wertelecki T., Żyłka R., Schleicher A. (2001). Retention of calcium and phosphorus from different phosphates and their influence on bone mineralization in chickens. Chem. Agricult. Czech Republ., 2: 365-371.

Jamroz D., Wertelecki T., Żyłka R., Bodarski R., Gajda-Janiak A. (2004). Mechanical, chemical and spectroscopic analysis of mineralisation rate as methods of bones quality determination in broiler chickens. Electr. J. Polish Agricult. Univ., Series Animal Husbandry,

Jamroz D., Wertelecki T., Żyłka R. (2007). The retention of mineral substances quality and chemical composition of bones in chickens fed diets containing different calcium and phosphorus level. Electr. J. Polish Agricult. Univ., Series Animal Husbandry,

Kim W. K., Donaldson L. M., Herrera P., Woodward C. L., Kubena L. F., Nisbet D. J., Ricke S. C. (2004). Research note: Effects of different bone preparation methods (fresh, dry, and fat-free dry) on bone parameters and correlation between bone breaking strength and the bone parameters. Poultry Sci., 83: 1663-1666.

Krawczyk A., Kuropka P., Kuryszko J., Wall A., Dragan S., Kulej M. (2007). Experimental studies on the effect of osteotomy technique on the bone regeneration in distraction osteogenesis. Bone, 40, 3: 781-791.

Lima F. R., Fernandes J. I. M., Oliveira E., Fronzaglia G. C., Kahn H. (1999). Laboratory evaluations of feed-grade and agricultural-grade phosphates. Poultry Sci., 78: 1717-1728.

Nelson T. S., Kirby L. K., Johnson Z. B. (1990). The relative biological value of feed phosphates for chicks. Poultry Sci., 69: 113-118.

Onyango E. M., Adeola O. (2009). Dietary phytate (inositol hexaphosphate) regulates the activity of intestinal mucosa phytase. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutrit., 93: 639-646.

Orban J. I., Adeola O., Stroshine R. (1999). Microbial phytase in finisher diets of White Pekin ducks: effect on growth performance, plasma phosphorus concentration, and leg bone characteristics. Poultry Sci., 78: 366-377.

Rama Rao S.V, Ramasubba Reddy V. (2003). Relative bio-availability and utilisation of phosphatic fertilisers as sources of phosphorus in broilers and layers. Brit. Poultry Sci., 44, 1: 96-103.

Rath N. C., Huff G. R., Huff W. E., Balog J. M. (2000). Factors regulating bone maturity and strength in poultry. Poultry Sci., 79: 1024-1032.

Ravindran V., Kornegay E. T., Potter L. M., Ogunabameru B. O., Welten M. K., Wilson J. H., Potchanakorn M. (1995). An evaluation of various response criteria in assessing biological availability of phosphorus for broilers. Poultry Sci., 74: 1820-1830.

Rodehutscord M. (2009). Approaches and challenges for evaluating phosphorus sources for poultry. Proc. 17th Europ. Symp. Poultry Nutrit., Edinburgh, pp. 2-6.

Rodehutscord M., Dieckmann A. (2005). Comparative studies with three-week-old chickens, turkeys, ducks and quails on the response in phosphorus utilization to a supplementation of monobasic calcium phosphate. Poultry Sci., 84: 1252-1260.

Smulikowska S., Rutkowski A. (2005). (Editors). Recommended allowances and nutritive value of feedstuffs. Poultry feeding standards (in Polish). 4th Edition. The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, PAS, Jabłonna, Polish Branch of WPSA, pp. 110-113.

Sullivan T. W., Douglas J. H., Gonzalez N. J., Bond Jr. P. L. (1992). Correlation of biological value of feed phosphates with their solubility in water, dilute hydrogen chloride, dilute citric acid, and ammonium citrate. Poultry Sci., 71: 2065-2074.

Tatara M. R., Tygesen M. P., Sawa-Wojtanowicz B., Harrison A. P. (2006). The impact of bone development on final carcass weight. Arch. Tierzucht, Special Issue, 49: 132-136.

Wzorek Z., Kowalski Z. (1995). Thermal method of feed phosphate production using phosphorus salts (in Polish). Przem. Chem., 74, 12: 463-466.

Annals of Animal Science

The Journal of National Research Institute of Animal Production

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.018
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.959

CiteScore 2017: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.413
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.822


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 92 92 9
PDF Downloads 31 31 3