An Investigation of Tone Perception and Production in German Learners of Mandarin

Open access

Abstract

This study investigates the possible errors related to Mandarin tone perception and production by German speakers. In a preliminary test, 23 German listeners should identify the tones of 186 monosyllables. Results show that exposure to Mandarin Chinese can help to discriminate lexical tones as highly expected. In the main experiment, 17 German subjects were asked to take part in a perception and production test. Stimulus of perception involves 48 monosyllables uttered by a standard professional Chinese speaker; acoustic measures were conducted to analyze the production of 72 monosyllables for each subject. It is found that German speakers have much smaller f0 range than Chinese native speakers. Findings can provide implications for cross language studies and teaching practices.

Boersma P., Weenink D. http://www.praat.org

Chao Y. R. (1968), A grammar of spoken Chinese, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Ding H., Jokisch O., Hoffmann R. (2006a), The effect of glottalization on voice preference, Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2006, Hoffmann R., Mixdorff H. [Eds.], pp. 851-854.

Ding H., Jokisch, O., Hoffmann R. (2006b), F0 analysis of Chinese accented German speech, Proceedings of ISCSLP 2006, Huo Q. et al. [Eds.], pp. 49-56.

Ding H., Jokisch O., Hoffmann R. (2007), Perception and analysis of Chinese-accented German vowels, Archives of Acoustics, 32, 1, 89-100.

Grabe E. (1998), Pitch accent realization in English and German, Journal of Phonetics, 26, 2, 129-143.

Jilka M. (2005), Exploration of different types of intonational deviations in foreign-accented and synthesized speech, Proceedings of Interspeech 2005, pp. 2393-2396.

Leather J. (1990), Perceptual and productive learning of Chinese lexical tone by Dutch and English speakers, New sounds 90: Proceedings of the Amsterdam Symposium on the Acquisition of Second-Language Speech, Leather J., James A. [Eds.], pp. 72-89, University of Amsterdam.

Peabody M., Seneff S., Wang C. (2004), Mandarin tone acquisition through typed interactions, Proceedings of In STIL/ICAL Symposium: NLP and Speech Technologies in Advance Language Learning Systems 2004, pp. 173-176.

Rathcke T., Harrington J. (2007), The phonetics and phonology of high and low tones in two falling f0-contours in standard German, Proceedings of Interspeech 2007, pp. 982-985.

Shih C. (2000), A Declination model of Mandarin Chinese, [in:] Intonation: analysis, modelling and technology, Botinis A. [Ed.], pp. 243-268, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Wang Y. (2003), Acoustic and perceptual evaluation of Mandarin tone productions before and after perceptual training, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113, 2, 1033-1043.

Xu Y. (1998), Consistency of tone-syllable alignment across different syllable structures and speaking rates, Phonetica, 55, 4, 179-203.

Archives of Acoustics

The Journal of Institute of Fundamental Technological of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.816
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.835

CiteScore 2016: 1.15

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.432
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.948

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 215 215 28
PDF Downloads 67 67 14