Predictive equations for height estimation using knee height of older Bengalees of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Open access


For nutritional assessment work for older population, it is important to be able to estimate body height based on knee height. The present report describes three equations for height estimation among older Bengalees based on knee height and compares the results with knee height based formulae developed for several other populations. Anthropometric measurements were analyzed from 114 (62 men and 52 women) older subjects aged >= 55 years. The subjects were randomly selected from two blocks (Contai I and Ramnagar I), at coastal area of Purba Medinipur District in West Bengal, India. A population specific formula for height was created based on knee height of the subjects. These estimated formulae from the present study and fourteen other previously reported formulae were also applied to these older population and the mean estimation errors were statistically compared. Analysis indicated that our derived formulae gave accurate estimation of height among the subjects.

Adams JM, White M. 2004. Biological aging. Eur J Pub Health 14:331-34.

Bermudez OI, Becker EK, Tucker KL. 1999. Development of sex-specific equations for estimating stature of frail elderly Hispanic living in the North Eastern United States. Am J Clin Nutr 69:992-98.

Cereda E, Bertoli S, Battezzati A. 2010. Height prediction formula for middle- aged (30-55y) Caucasians. Nutrition 26(11-12):1075-81.

Chumlea W, Roche A, Steinbaugh M. 1985. Estimating stature from knee height for persons 60-90 years of age. J Am Geriatr Soc33:116-120. [PubMed: 3968366]

Chumlea WC, Guo S.1992. Equations for predicting stature in white and black elderly individuals. J Gerontol l47(6):M197-203.

Chumlea WC, Guo SS, Steinbaugh ML.1994. Prediction of stature from kneeheight for black and whites adult and children with application to mobility-impaired or handicapped persons. J Am Diet Assoc 94:1385-91.

Cockram DB, Baumgartner RN. 1990. Evaluation of accuracy and reliability of calipers for measuring recumbent knee height in elderly people. Am J Clin Nutr 52:397-400.

Donini LM, de Felice MR, de Bernardini L, Ferrari G, Rosano A, de Medici M, Cannella C. 2000.Prediction of stature in the Italian elderly. J Nutrition, Health and Aging 4:72-6.

Forster S, Gariballa S. 2005. Age as a determinant of nutritional status: a cross sectional study. Nutr J 4:28.

Ghosh A, Bose K, Das Chaudhuri A.B. 2001. Age and sex variation in adiposity and central fat distribution among elderly Bengalee Hindus of Calcutta, India.- Ann Hum Biol 28:616-23.

Grinker JA, Tucker KL, Vokonas PS, Rush D. 2000. Changes in patterns of fatness in adult men in relation to serum indices of cardiovascular risk: the Normative Aging Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:1369-78.

Haboubi NY, Hudson PR, Pathy MS. 1990. Measurement of height in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc 38:1008-10. [PubMed: 2212434]

Han TS, Lean ME. 1996. Lower leg length as an index of stature in adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 20(1):21-7.

Knous BL, Arisawa M. 2002. Estimation of height in elderly Japanese using region- specific knee height equations. Am J Hum Biol 14:300-7.

Lera L, Luis Santos J, Garcia C, Arroyo P, Albala C. 2005. Predictive equations for stature in the elderly: A study in three Latin American cities. Ann Hum Biol 32:773-81.

Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R. 1988. Anthropometric Standarization Reference Mannul. Chicago: Human Kinetics Books.

Mathew AC, Sampath S, Das D, Vijayakumar M, Ramakrishnan N, Ravishankar SL. 2014. Screening for malnutrition in the elderly population: a tool for estimating height from knee height. Asia Pac J Health Sci 1(4S):79-83.

Roubenoff R, Wilson PWF. 1993. Advantage of knee height over height as an index of stature in expression of body composition in adults. Am J Clin Nutr 57:609-13. [PubMed: 8480674]

Shetty PS, James WPT.1994. Body mass index. A measure of chronic deficiency in adults. FAO Food and Nutrition. Paper 56. Rome, Italy.

Villareal DT, Apovian CM, Kushner RF, Klein S. 2005. American Society for Nutrition; NAASO The Obesity Society: Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society. Am J Clin Nutr 82:923-34.

Wasler M. 1987. Creatinine excretion as a measure of protein nutrition in adults of varying age. J Parenter Enteral Nutr11: 73S-78S.

Anthropological Review

The Journal of Polish Anthropological Society

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.70

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.282
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.439


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 168 168 9
PDF Downloads 179 179 12