Similarity of Ferrosilicon Submerged Arc Furnaces With Different Geometrical Parameters

Open access


In order to determine reasons of unsatisfactory production output regarding one of the 12 MVA furnaces, a comparative analysis with a furnace of higher power that showed a markedly better production output was performed. For comparison of ferrosilicon furnaces with different geometrical parameters and transformer powers, the theory of physical similarity was applied. Geometrical, electrical and thermal parameters of the reaction zones are included in the comparative analysis. For furnaces with different geometrical parameters, it is important to ensure the same temperature conditions of the reaction zones. Due to diverse mechanisms of heat generation, different criteria for determination of thermal and electrical similarity for the upper and lower reaction zones were assumed contrary to other publications. The parameter c3 (Westly) was assumed the similarity criterion for the upper furnace zones where heat is generated as a result of resistive heating while the parameter J1 (Jaccard) was assumed the similarity criterion for the lower furnace zones where heat is generated due to arc radiation.

[1] A.J. Schei, K. Tuset, H. Tveit, Production of High Silicon Alloys, (1998), Trondheim.

[2] V.L. Zubov, M.I. Gasik, Electrometallurgy of ferrosilicon. Physical Chemistry and Technology, 2002, Dnepropetrovsk.

[3] J. Rychlewski, Wymiary i podobieństwo, 1991, Warszawa.

[4] B. Baron, B. Machulec, J. Przegędza, Influence of change inreactance of high current circuit on furnace resistance and temperature distribution in ferrosilicon melting process, Research in Electro-technology and Applied Informatics, Conference Proceedings, Katowice-Kraków, 131-137 (2005),, 2016-09-23

[5] J.L. Ricardo, Submerged arc Furnaces – Optimal Electrical Parameters,, 2016-09-23.

[6] J. Westly, Critical parameters in design and operation of the sub-merged arc furnaces, Electric Furnace Conf. Proc, 47-57 (1976).

[7] B.M. Struński, Rudnotermczeskie Pławilne pieczi, Moskwa (1972).

[8] A.S. Mikulinski, Procesy rudnoi elektrotermii, Moskwa (1966).

[9] J. Tomeczek, Termodynamika, (1999), Gliwice.

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 315 307 19
PDF Downloads 172 170 12