Mechanical Properties of Composites with Titanium Diboride Fabricated by Spark Plasma Sintering

Open access


Microstructure and mechanical properties of the 316L steel composite reinforced with TiB2 phase were examined. The test materials were obtained by SPS technique from powders. From testing of the mechanical properties it follows that the optimum temperature for the fabrication of 316Lsteel-TiB2 composites by SPS is 1100°C. Studies have also proved that the critical content of TiB2 phase in steel matrix should not exceed 6vol%. Above this level, the plastic properties of the composite become unstable and strongly dependent on the time of sintering.

[1] M. Tokita, Trends in Advanced SPS Spark Plasma Sintering Systems and Technology, Journal of the Society of Powder Technology Japan 30, 11, 790-804 (1993).

[2] X. Song, X. Liu, J. Zhang, Mechanism of conductive powder microstructure evolution in the process of SPS, Science in China Ser. E Engineering & Materials Science 48, 3, 258-269 (2005).

[3] D.M. Hulber, A. Anders, J. Andersson, E.J. Lavernia, A.K. Mukherjee, A discussion on the absence of plasma in spark plasma sintering, Scripta Materialia 60, 10, 835-838 (2009).

[4] L. Jaworska, Receiving and application of diamond in machining, WNT, Warsaw (2007).

[5] F.P. Bundy, Ultra-high pressure apparatus, Physic Reports 3, 156- 175 (1988).

[6] I. Sulima, Consolidation of AISI316L Austenitic Steel - TiB2 Composites by SPS and HP-HT Technology, Sintering Techniques of Materials, Edited by Arunachalam Lakshmanan, Rijeka, InTech- Open Access Publisher, Chapter 7, 125-153 (2015).

[7] N. Saheb, Z. Iqbal, A. Khalil, A.S. Hakeem, N.A. Aqeeli, T. Laoui, A. Al-Qutub, R. Kirchner, Spark Plasma Sintering of Metals and Metal Matrix Nanocomposites: A Review, Journal of Nanomaterials, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Article ID 983470, 13 pages, (2012) doi:

[8] H.U. Kessel, J. Hennicke, R. Kirchner, T. Kessel, Rapid sintering of novel materials by FAST/SPS-further development to the point of an industrial production process with high cost efficiency, FCT Systeme GmbH, Rauenstein, Germany (2010).

[9] D.H. Kwon, T.D. Nguyen, D. Dudina, Thermal stability and properties of Cu-TiB2 nanocomposites prepared by combustion synthesis and spark-plasma sintering, Materials Science Forum 534-536, 2, 1517-1520 (2007).

[10] D.H. Kwon, D.N. Thuy, X.H. Khoa, J-W. Kum, P-P. Choi, J-S Kim, Y-S. Kwo, Mechanical, electrical and wear properties of Cu- -TiB2 nanocomposites fabricated by MA-SHS and SPS, Journal of Ceramic Processing Research 7, 3, 275-279 (2006).

[11] S. Yamanaka, R. Gonda, A. Kawasaki, H. Sakamoto, Y. Mekuchi, M. Kuno, T. Tsukada, Fabrication and thermal properties of carbon nanotube/nickel composite by spark plasma sintering method, Materials Transactions 48, 9, 2506-2512 (2007).

[12] S. Kim, T. Sekino, T. Nakayama, M. Wada, J.S. Lee, K. Niihara, Pulse electric current sintering of alumina/nickel nanocomposites, Materials Research Innovations 7, 2, 57-61 (2003).

[13] J. Bhatt, N. Balachander, S. Shekher, R. Karthikeyan, D.R. Peshwe, B.S. Murty, Synthesis of nanostructured Al-Mg-SiO2 metal matrix composites using high-energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 536, S35-S40 (2012).

[14] S. Bathula, R.C. Anandani, A. Dha, A.K. Srivastava, Synthesis and characterization of Al-alloy/SiCp nanocomposites employing high energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering, Advanced Materials Research 410, 224-227 (2012).

[15] N.AL Aqeeli, K. Abdullahi, A.S. Hakeem, C. Suryanarayana, T. Laoui, N. Saheb, Synthesis characterization and mechanical properties of SiC-reinforced A-based nanocomposites processed by MA and SPS, Powder Metallurgy 56, 149-157 (2013).

[16] I. Sulima, P. Putyra, P. Hyjek, T. Tokarski, Effect of SPS parameters on densification and properties of steel matrix composites, Advanced Powder Technology 26, 4, 1152-1161 (2015).

[17] A. Singh, S.P. Harimkar, Spark plasma sintering of in situ and ex situ iron-based amorphous matrix composites, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 497, 1-2, 121-126 (2010).

[18] K.R. Ravi, A. Murugesan, V. Udhayabanu, R. Subramanian, B.S. Murty, Microstructure and mechanical property of Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposites synthesized by reactive milling followed by spark plasma sintering, Materials Science Forum 710, 291-296 (2012).

[19] X. Liu, E. Pagounis, J. Hellman, V.K. Lindroos, The Influence of reinforcement particle size distribution on the mechanical behavior of a stainless steel/tin composite, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 31, 309-318 (2000).

[20] I. Sulima, G. Boczkal, Micromechanical, high-temperature testing of steel-TiB2 composite sintered by High Pressure-High Temperature method, Materials Science and Engineering A 644, 76-78 (2015).

[21] B. Maruyama, W.H. Hunt, Discontinuously reinforced aluminum: current status and future direction. JOM 51, 11, 59-61 (1999).

[22] D.Z. Zhu, G.H. Wu, G.Q. Chen, Q. Zhang, Dynamic deformation behavior of a high reinforcement content TiB2/Al composite at high strain rates, Materials Science and Engineering A 487, 536- 540 (2008).

[23] O. Balci, D. Agaogullari, H. Gokce, I. Duman, M.L. Ovecoglu, Influence of TiB2 particle size on the microstructure and properties of Al matrix composites prepared via mechanical alloying and pressureless Sintering, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 586, S78-S84 (2014).

[24] G.B. Veeresh Kumar, C.S.P. Rao, N. Selvaraj, Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of Particulate Reinforced Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites - a review, Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering 10, 1, 59-91 (2011).

[25] J. Karwan-Baczewska, The properties of Fe-Ni-Mo-Cu-B materials produced via liquid phase sintering, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 56, 3, 7890-796 (2011).

[26] G. Boczkal, Electrons charge concentration and melting point of bcc metals, Materials Letters 134, 162-164 (2014).

[27] I. Sulima, L. Jaworska, P. Figiel, Influence of processing parameters and different content of TiB2 ceramics on the properties of composites sintered by high temperature-high pressure (HT-HP) method, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 59, 1, 205-209 (2014).

[28] I. Sulima, P. Figiel, P. Kurtyka, Austenitic stainless steel-TiB2 composites obtained by HP-HT method, Composites 4, 245-250 (2012).

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 547 404 23
PDF Downloads 397 338 7