The aim of this work was to investigate the microstructure and chemical composition of the transition zone between 16Mo3 steel and Inconel 625 weld overlay coating produced by the Cold Metal Transfer (CMT) method. Investigations were primarily carried out through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on thin foils prepared by FIB (Focus Ion Beam).
The chemical analysis demonstrated that the amount of certain elements (Fe, Ni, Cr, Mo, Nb) in the transition zone between the base material and the weld overlay changes quickly, from the composition of the steel to the composition of the composite zone. STEM and TEM investigations revealed that two areas are clearly visible in the transition zone. In the narrow band close to the fusion boundary where plates are clearly visible and the Ms temperature is higher than room temperature, electron diffraction analyses show reflections of martensite and austenite. Moreover, the crystallographic relations between martensite and austenite can be described by the Kurdjumov-Sachs (K-S) relationship
). The microstructure of the part of the transition zone with an Ms temperature lower than room temperature as well as that of the composite zone is austenite. The investigations proved that the width of the martensitic area can be significantly limited by using the CMT technique for weld overlaying.
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