Diode Laser Surface Alloying of Armor Steel with Tungsten Carbide

Open access


Metal matrix composite (MMC) surface layers reinforced by WC were fabricated on armor steel ARMOX 500T plates via a laser surface alloying process. The microstructure of the layers was assessed by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction.

The surface layers having the WC fraction up to 71 vol% and an average hardness of 1300 HV were produced. The thickness of these layers was up to 650 μm. The addition of a titanium powder in the molten pool increased the wettability of WC particles by the liquid metal in the molten pool increasing the WC fraction. Additionally, the presence of titanium resulted in the precipitation of the (Ti,W)C phase, which significantly reduced the fraction of W-rich complex carbides and improved a structural integrity of the layers.

[1] M.K. Aghajanian, A.L. McCormick, A.L. Marshall, W.M. Waggoner, P.K. Karandikar, in: J.J. Swab (Ed.), Advances in Ceramic Armor VI, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Jersey 2010.

[2] H. Chang, J. Binner, R. Higginson, in: J.J. Swab (Ed.), Advances in Ceramic Armor VI, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Jersey 2010.

[3] M. Garcia-Avila, M. Portanova, A. Rabiei, Procedia Materials Science 4, 151-156 (2014).

[4] T. Borvik, S. Dey, A.H. Clausen, Int. J. of Impact Eng. 36, 948-964 (2009).

[5] I. Barényi, O. Híreš, P. Lip, Problems of Mechatronics Armament, Aviation, Safety Eng. 14, 7-14 (2013).

[6] D. Janicki, Arch. Metall. Mater. 59 (4), 1641-1646 (2014).

[7] K. Labisz, T. Tański, M. Kremzer, D. Janicki, Int. J. Mater. Res. 108 (2), 126-132 (2017).

[8] D. Wojnowski, Y.K. Oh, J.E. Indacochea, J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. 122 (2), 310-315 (2000).

[9] G. Madhusudhan Reddy, T. Mohandas, K.K. Papukutty, J. Mater. Process. Tech. 74, 27-35 (1998).

[10] L.A. Dobrzański, M. Czaja, W. Borek, K. Labisz, T. Tański, Int. J. Mater. Prod. Tec. 51 (3), 264-280 (2015).

[11] A. Klimpel, L.A. Dobrzański, A. Lisiecki, D. Janicki, J. Mater. Process. Tech. 164, 1046-1055 (2005).

[12] T. Liyanage, G. Fisher, A.P. Gerlich, Wear 274-275, 345-354 (2012).

[13] M. Musztyfaga-Staszuk, L.A. Dobrzański, Cent. Eur. J. Phys. 12 (12), 836-842 (2014).

[14] A. Lisiecki, Metals 5, 54-69 (2015).

[15] D. Janicki, M. Musztyfaga-Staszuk, Stroj. Vestn-J. Mech. E. 62 (6), 363-372 (2016).

[16] R. Ahmed, H. Yu, V. Stoica, L. Edwards, J.R. Sentisteban, Mat. Sci. Eng. A 498, 191-202 (2008).

[17] D.V. Suetin, I.R. Shein, A.L. Ivanovskii, Physica B 404 (20), 3544-3549 (2009).

Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.571
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.776

CiteScore 2016: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.347
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.740

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 144 144 7
PDF Downloads 72 72 4