Evaluation of the Possibility of Applying Spatial 3D Imaging Using X-Ray Computed Tomography Reconstruction Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Multiphase Materials / Rentgenowska Analiza Ilościowa Materiałów Wielofazowych Z Wykorzystaniem Przestrzennego Obrazowania (3D) Przy Użyciu Metod Rekonstrukcji Tomografii Komputerowej
1 Military University of Technology, Department of Advanced Materials and Technologies, Faculty of Advanced Technologies and Chemistry ,2 Gen. S. Kaliskiego Str., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland
2 Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Group of Spectroscopy and Thermal Properties of Magnetic Materials , Division of Physics of Magnetism, 32/46 Lotników Av., 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
In this paper the possibility of using X-ray computed tomography (CT) in quantitative metallographic studies of homogeneous and composite materials is presented. Samples of spheroidal cast iron, Fe-Ti powder mixture compact and epoxy composite reinforced with glass fibers, were subjected to comparative structural tests. Volume fractions of each of the phase structure components were determined by conventional methods with the use of a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) quantitative analysis methods. These results were compared with those obtained by the method of spatial analysis of the reconstructed CT image. Based on the comparative analysis, taking into account the selectivity of data verification methods and the accuracy of the obtained results, the authors conclude that the method of computed tomography is suitable for quantitative analysis of several types of structural materials.
 P.R. Shearing, R.S. Bradley, J. Gelb, S.N. Lee, A. Atkinson, P.J. Withers, et al., Using synchrotron X-ray nano-CT to characterize SOFC electrode microstructures in threedimensions at operating temperature. Electrochem Solid-State Lett. 14, B117-20 (2011).
 A. Kadauw, Characterization of the Parameters of Sand Moulds in Compaction Process by Use of the Industrial Computer Tomography (ICT), Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 59, 1097-1101 (2014)
 F. Giudiceandrea, E. Ursela, E. Vicario, A high speed CT scanner for the sawmill industry. 17th International Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Wood Symposium Sopron, 14 - 16 September, Hungary 2011.
 U. Bonse, F. Busch, O. Günnewig, F. Beckmann, R. Pahl, G. Delling, et al., 3D computed X-ray tomography of human cancellous bone at 8 μm spatial and 10-4 energy resolution. Bone Miner 25, 25-38 (1994).
 T.S. Yun, K.Y. Kim, J. Choo, D.H. Kang, Quantifying the distribution of paste-void spacing of hardened cement paste using X-ray computed tomography. Mater. Character. 7, 137 - 143 (2012)
 S. Vasić, B. Grobéty, J. Kuebler, T. Graule, L. Baumgartner, XRCT characterisation of Ti particles inside porous Al2O3. Mater Character 61, 653-660 (2010).
 J. Hiller, S. Kasperl, U. Hilpert, M. Bartscher, Coordinate measuring with industrial X-ray computed tomography. Technisches messen 74, 553-564 (2007).
 M. Bartscher, U. Hilpert, J. Goebbels, G. Weidemann, Enhancement and proof of accuracy of industial computedtomography (CT) measurements, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology 56, 495-498 (2007)
 J.C.E. Mertens, J.J. Williams, N. Chawl, Development of a lab-scale, high-resolution, tube-generated X-ray computedtomography system for three-dimensional (3D) materials characterization, Mater. Character. 92, 36 - 48 (2014)
 M. Simon, I. Tiseanu, C. Sauerwein, H. Wälischmiller, M. Sindel, M. Brodmann, M. Schmücker, Advanced Computed Tomography System for the Inspection of Large Aluminium Car Bodies. ECNDT 2006 - Th.3.4.2, Berlin 2006
 A. Ryniewicz, Accuracy assessment of shape mapping using Computer Tomography. Metrology and Measuring Systems, Quarterly of Polish Academy of Sciences 17, 482-491 (2010).
 S. Liu, Y.H. Mei, Effects of voids and their interactions on SMT Solder Joint reability. Soldering and Surface Mount Technology 18, 21-32 (1994).
 T.E. Quinta, An introduction to X-ray tomography and Radon transformation, Proc. of Symposia of Applied Mathematics , American Mathematics Society, Boston 2005.
 A. Velichko, Quantitative 3D Characterization of Graphite Morphologies in Cast Iron using FIB Microstructure Tomography, Dissertation, Saarbrucken 2008.
 VDI/VDE 2630. Blatt 1.3: Computertomografie in der dimensionalen Messtechnik, Düsseldorf 2009.
 U. Bonse, Developments in X-ray tomography V. Bellingham: SPIE; 2006.
 S.R. Stock, Developments in X-ray tomography VI. Bellingham: SPIE; 2008.
 F.N. Dang, Y.W. Liu, W.H. Ding, H.Q. Chen, Quantitative analysis of concrete CT images based on damage-fracture evolution theory. Chin. J. Rock. Mech. Eng. 26, 1588-93 (2007).
 L. Salvo, P. Cloetens, E. Maire, S. Zabler, J.J. Blandin, J.Y. Buffiére, et al. X-ray micro-tomography an attractive characterisation technique in materials science. Nucl Instrum Meth Phys Res B 200, 273-86 (2003).
 M. Cholewa, T. Szuter, Shape Complicated Casting Defects Prediction Based on Computer Simulation, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 58, 859-862 (2013).