The Effect of Processing Parameters on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Sintered Structural Steels Based on Prealloyed Powders / Wpływ Parametrów Wytwarzania Na Strukturę I Własności Mechaniczne Spiekanych Stali Wykonanych Na Bazie Proszków Stopowych

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The object of the study was to evaluate the effect of production parameters on the structure and mechanical properties of Cr and Cr-Mo PM steels. The measurements were performed on sintered steels made from commercial Höganäs pre-alloyed powders: Astaloy CrA, Astaloy CrL and Astaloy CrM mixed with carbon, added in the form of graphite powder grade C-UF.

Following mixing in a Turbula mixer for 30 minutes, green compacts were single pressed at 660 MPa according to PNEN ISO 2740 standard. Sintering was carried out in a laboratory horizontal furnace at 1120°C and 1250°C for 60 minutes, in 5%H2-95%N2 atmosphere. After sintering, the samples were tempered at 200°C for 60 minutes in air. The steels are characterized by ferritic - pearlitic, bainitic - ferritic and bainitic structures.

Following mechanical testing, it can be assumed that steel based on Astaloy CrA pre-alloyed powder could be an alternative material for steels based on Astaloy CrL powder. These steels sintered at 1250°C with 0.6% C had tensile strengths about 650 MPa, offset yield strengths about 300 MPa, elongations about 8.50 %, TRSs about 1100 MPa, hardnesses 220 HV.

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Archives of Metallurgy and Materials

The Journal of Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Commitee on Metallurgy of Polish Academy of Sciences

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