Energy Recovery from a Non-Linear Electromagnetic System

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents study of a pseudo-magnetic levitation system (pseudo-maglev) dedicated for energy harvesting. The idea rely on motion of a pseudo-levitating magnet in a coil’s terminal. The study based on real prototype harvester system, which in the pendulum dynamic vibration absorber is applied. For some parameters, the stability loss caused by the period doubling bifurcation is detected. The coexistence of two stable solutions, one of which is much better for energy harvesting is observed. The influence of the pseudo-maglev parameters on the recovered current and stability of the periodic solutions is presented in detail. The obtained results show, that the best energy recovery occurs for the high pseudo-maglev stiffness and close to the coil resistance. The amplitude’s excitation, the load resistances and the coupling coefficient strongly influence on the system’s response.

1. Bedekar V., Oliver J., Priya S. (2009), Pen harvester for powering a pulse rate sensor, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42(10), 105105.

2. Beeby S., Tudor M., White N. (2006), Energy harvesting vibration sources for microsystems applications, Measurement Science and Technology, 17(12), 175-195.

3. Beeby S.P., Torah R.N. Tudor M.J. (2008), Kinetic energy harvesting. ACT Workshop on Innovative Concepts. ESA-ESTEC, 17, 1-10.

4. Doedel E., Oldeman B. (2012), Auto-07p: Continuation and bifurcation software for ordinary differential equations, Concordia University, Montreal, 1–266.

5. Earnshaw S. (1842). On the nature of the molecular forces which regulate the constitution of the luminiferous ether, Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, 7, 97–112.

6. Gomand J., Remy G., Tounzi A., Barre P.J., Hautier J.P. (2007), Impact of permanent magnet field on inductance variation of a PMLSM, European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, 1-10.

7. Jonnalagadda A.S. (2007) Magnetic induction systems to harvest energy from mechanical vibrations, PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute Engineering.

8. Joyce S. (2011) Development of an electromagnetic energy harvester for monitoring wind turbine blades, PhD thesis, Virginia Polytechnic.

9. Kecik K. (2015) Dynamics and control of an active pendulum system, International Journal of Non-linear Mechanics, 70, 63-72.

10. Kecik K., Brzeski P., Perlikowski P. (2017a) Non-linear dynamics and optimization of a harvester absorber system, International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 17(9), 1-15.

11. Kecik K., Mitura A. (2016), Nonlinear dynamics of a vibration harvest-absorber system. Experimental Study, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, Dynamical Systems: Modelling, 181, 197-208.

12. Kecik K., Mitura A., Lenci S., Warminski J. (2017b), Energy harvesting from a magnetic levitation system, International Journal of Non-linear Mechanics, 94, 200-206.

13. Li Y.J., Dai Q., Zhang Y., Wang H., Chen Z., Sun R.X., Zheng J., Deng C.Y., Deng Z.G. (2016), Design and analysis of an electromagnetic turnout for the superconducting Maglev system Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications, 528, 84-89.

14. Mann B., Sims N. (2010), On the performance and resonant frequency of electromagnetic induction energy harvesters, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 329(1-2), 1348–1361.

15. Mann B.P. Sims N.D. (2009), Energy harvesting from the nonlinear oscillations of magnetic levitation, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 319(1-2), 515–530.

16. Mann B.P., Owens B.A. (2010), Investigations of a nonlinear energy harvester with a bistable potential well, Journal of Sound and Vibration 329, 1215-1226.

17. Mitcheson P.D. (2005), Analysis and optimisation of energy-harvesting micro-generator systems, University of London.

18. Mitcheson P.D., Green T.C., Yeatman E.M., Holmes A.S. (2004), Architectures for vibration-driven micropower generators, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 13(3), 429-440.

19. Olaru R., Gherca R., Petrescu C. (2014), Analysis and design of a vibration energy harvester using permanent magnets, Revue Roumaine des Sciences Techniques - Serie Electrotechnique, 59(2), 131–140.

20. Qian N., Zheng B., Gou Y., Chen P., Zheng J., Deng Z. (2015), Study on the effect of transition curve to the dynamic characteristics of high-temperature superconducting maglev, Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications, 519, 34-42.

21. Soares S.M.P., Ferreira J.A.F., Simoes J.A.O., Pascoal R., Torrao J., Xue X., Furlani E.P. (2016), Magnetic levitation-based electro-magnettic energy harvesting: a semi-analytical non-linear model for energy transduction, Scientific Reports 6, Article ID 18579.

22. Sun R., Zheng J., Zheng B., Qian N., Li J., Deng Z. (2018), New magnetic rails with double-layer Halbach structure by employing NdFeB and ferrite magnets for HTS maglev, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 445, 44-48.

23. Williams C., Yates R. (1996), Analysis of a micro-electric generator for microsystems, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 52 (1-3) 8–11.

24. Zhou D, Yu P., Wang L, Li J. (2017), An adaptive vibration control method to suppress the vibration of the maglev train caused by track irregularities, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 408(10), 331-350.

25. Zhu H., Khiang Pang Ch., Joo Teo T. (2017), Analysis and control of a 6 DOF maglev positioning system with characteristics of end-effects and eddy current damping, Mechatronics, 47, 183-194.

Acta Mechanica et Automatica

The Journal of Bialystok Technical University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.77
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.243
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.615

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 401 264 11
PDF Downloads 213 157 5