The paper presents an original research regarding the risk for human health in the area of Ploiesti city using SADA software - Spatial Analysis and Decision Assistance. Due to the high level of toxicity, international legislation provides the list of PCBs compounds to be monitored: PCB28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180. Sample collection was made in 22 points including public green gardens, residential areas, roadsides and industrial areas. The chemical analyses were conducted in the Laboratory of National Research and Development Institute for Soil Science, Agro-Chemistry and Environment from Bucharest, according to an own analytical method adapted after EPA. According to the Romanian standards, PCBs were elevated across industrial regions near urban and industrial sources. The concentrations of PCBs overcome the normal values in the most sampling points and the area presents a potential of risk for people. Local authorities should address the human health threats from urban and industrial soils in Ploiesti city.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Bennett D.H. McKone T.E. Kastenberg W.E. (1999) General formulation of characteristic time for persistent chemicals in a multimedia environment Environmental Science Technology 33 503-509.
Breivik K. Alcock R. Li Y.F. Bailey R.E. Fiedler H. Pacyna J.M. (2004) Primary Sources of Selected POPs - Regional and Global Scale inventories Environmental Pollution128 3-16.
Coman M. Cioruta B. Pop R. (2016) Regarding the evolution of soils polluted with oil products in Sacel oilfield Romania. AgroLife Scientific Journal Volume 5 Number 2 ISSN 2285-5718 44-49.
EPA Region 9 Preliminary Remediation Goals website. On line at: www.epa.gov/region09/waste/sfund/prg.
Hardell E. Carlberg Michael Nordström Marie Bert van Bavel (2010) Time trends of persistent organic pollutants in Sweden during 1993-2007 and relation to age gender body mass index breast-feeding and parity Science of The Total Environment Volume 408 Issue 20 2010 Pages 4412-4419 ISSN 0048- 9697 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.06.029. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969710006340)
Hubard D. W. 2009. The Failure of Risk Management: Why it’s broken and how to fix it. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Hoboken New Jersey USA.
Jones K. C. Burnett V. Duarte-Davidson R Waterhouse K. S. (1997) PCBs in the Environment Chemosphere 35 905-917.
Jones K.C. de Voogt P. (1999) Persistent organic pollutants (POPs): State of the science Environmental Pollution 100 209-221.
MO (1997) Ministry Order No. 756 from November 3 1997 for approval of Regulation concerning environmental pollution assessment published in Official Monitor No. 303/6 November 1007.
Preda M. Tanase V. Vrinceanu (2017) Levels of persistent organochlorine compounds in sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants. Agro Life Scientific Journal Volume 6 Number 2 ISSN 2285- 5718 161-166.
Rasmussen S. (2012) A model for the optimal risk management of farm firms. AgroLife Scientific Journal Vol 1 Issue 1 ISSN-L 2285-5718 18-24.
SADA (2005) SADA (Spatial Analysis and Decision Assistance) Userguide version 4.1. On line at: http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~sada/SADA_4_1_Usersguide.pdf.
Sandu Mirela Alina Bica Ioan Virsta Ana Preda Mihaela Stan Vasilica (2013) Persistent Organic Contaminants in the urban and peri-urban area of Ploiesti city Agro Life Scientific Journal University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest 1 ISSN 2285-5718 143-150.
US-EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Risk assessment guidance for superfund [Journal].- [s.l.]: Washington DC: EPA/540//1- 89/002. Final Report 1989.- Vols. 1 Human health evaluation manual.