Some Issues on the Protection of Employee Rights and Interests in Vietnamese Enterprises Today

Open access


Protecting employee rights and interests is the issue attracted attention of related parties in Vietnam. It includes a lot of contents. The article deals with some basic contents such as salary, working time and labor safety and hygiene. In the past years, besides the achievements, the protection of employee rights and interests in Vietnamese enterprises has some limitations. In some enterprises, the minimum wage has not met the demand, the real income of employees is low while working time is relatively high and labor safety and hygiene are not ensured. This is due to many reasons, such as: firstly, most Vietnamese enterprises are small and medium ones, their economic potential is not strong enough to be able to good equipment for employees; secondly, the employees themselves are not aware of their rights and interests as well as are also under pressure to survive; thirdly, it is the problem of profit. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust both the awareness and policies to make sure the harmony between employees, enterprises and society.

Alkire, S. (2002). Dimensions of Human Development. World Development, 30(2), 181–205.

Cerioli, A. and S. Zan (1990). A Fuzzy Approach to the Measurement of Poverty. In C. Dagum and M. Zenga (Eds.), Income and Wealth Distribution, Inequality and Poverty. Studies in Contemporary Economics (pp.272–284). Berlin: Springer.

Employee Benefit Research Institute (2008). EBRI databook on employee benefits.Washington, D.C.: Employee Benefit Research Institute.

Faulkner, E. J. (1960). Health insurance. New York: McGraw-Hill.

General Statistics Office (GSO) (2015). Vietnamese enterprises: the first 15 years of the century (2000-2015). Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi, p.12, p.13.

General Statistics Office (GSO) (2017). Press release announcing socio-economic situation of 2017.[Online] Available: (Accessed 14:00 27/12/2017).

General Statistics Office (GSO) (2018). Press Conference to announce major indicators to assess the level of enterprise development of the centrally-run provinces and cities in 2017 and the period 2010-2016. [Online] Available: (Accessed 10:50 06/02/2018).

Gijsbert, L. (1989). “Minimum Labour Standards and International Trade: Would a Social Clause Work?”. International Labour Review, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 433-448.

Health Environmental Management Acency – VIHEMA (Ministry of Health-MOH) (2017). Report on occupational health and occupational disease prevention in 2016. Hanoi, 04 May 2017.

Ho Anh Hai (translation) (2012). China Newspaper: Why is the wages of workers low? [Online] Available: (Accessed 26/10/2012 08:54).

Hong Van (2018). The EU welcomes the approval process of Vietnam labor conventions. [Online] Available: (Accessed 06. July 2018 | 16:39:00).

International Labor Organization (ILO) (1919). Convention No.1 on Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week (Entry into force: 13 Jun 1921).

International Labor Organization (ILO) (1957). Convention No. 47 on the Forty-Hour Week (Entry into force: 23 Jun 1957).

International Labor Organization (ILO) (1962). Reduction of Hours of Work Recommendation (No. 116).

International Labor Organization (ILO) (1970). Minimum Wage Fixing Convention, 1970 (No. 131) (Entry into force: 29 Apr 1972).

Institute of Workers and Trade Union (General Confederation of Labor of Vietnam) (2018). Report on labor situation, salary, income, expenditure and living standard of workers in enterprises in 2018. Hanoi.

Jacoby, S. (1997). Modern manors: Welfare capitalism since the new deal. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Minh Thu (2018). Criminal proceedings of enterprises owing debts, evading social insurance. [Online] Available: (Accessed 15:29, 24/04/2018).

Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) (2018). Announcement (No.908-TB / LĐTBXH dated 8.3.2018) on occupational accidents in 2017, Hanoi.

OECD (1996). Trade, Employment and Labour Standards: A Study of Core Workers’ Rights and International Trade, OECD, Paris.

Prime Minister (2013). Decree 45/2013/NĐ-CP on 10/5/2013 of government regulation in detail some of the labor law on working hours time, vaction and occupational safety and health. Hanoi.

Prime Minister (2017). The Decree No 45/2013/NĐ-CP on 1/1/2018 of government regulation in the regional minimum wage., Hanoi.

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2012). Labour Code, Vietnam.

Tat Thao, Nguyen Nga (2017). Workers are being eroded. [Online] Available: (Accessed 29/07/2017 08:54).

Thanh Hang (2013). Violation of working time, rest, overtime: There should be strict punishment of violating enterprises. [Online] Available: (Accessed 27/06/2013, 04:57).

Trung Ha (2007). China: Unions are not prevented from firing. [Online] Available: (Accessed 23:19 - 01/07/2007).

Nguyen Trang (2018). Due to low payment from enterprises, the empoyees have to work overtime. [Online] Available: (Accessed Friday, 06:46, 13/07/2018)./.

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 66 66 4
PDF Downloads 28 28 2