Jurassic–Cretaceous radiolarian-bearing strata from the Gresten Klippen Zone and the St. Veit Klippen Zone (Wienerwald, Eastern Alps, Austria): Implications for stratigraphy and paleogeography

Open access

Abstract

Two sections of the klippen zones in the Wienerwald area have been investigated for their stratigraphy: (1) The Gern section of the Main Klippen Zone, a part of the Gresten Klippen Zone, and (2) the St. Veit Klippen Zone in the Lainz Tunnel and the neighboring outcrops in western Vienna. New biostratigraphic data are based on radiolaria from siliceous intervals and a few findings of calcareous nannofossils from marlstones. In the Gresten Klippen Zone, radiolarian assemblages from limestones of the Gern locality indicate a middle Oxfordian to early Kimmeridgian age of the Scheibbsbach Formation.

Radiolarian and nannofossil data from the St. Veit Klippen Zone in the Lainz railway tunnel locality, as well as correlated outcrops from the Lainzer Tiergarten and the Gemeindeberg in the southwest of Vienna, indicate the presence of mainly Bajocian to lower Oxfordian red radiolarites and cherts (Rotenberg Formation). Siliceous, grey limestones and cherts of the Fasselgraben Formation range from the upper Oxfordian–Kimmeridgian to the Valanginian–Barremian.

The Main Klippen Zone was derived from the European margin to the north, and this zone is regarded as a Helvetic paleogeographic unit. The St. Veit Klippen Zone in the Lainz Tunnel section contains no ophiolitic material and shows a tectonic contact with the surrounding Rhenodanubian nappe system, which indicates no primary sedimentary contact of the St. Veit Klippen Zone with the Flysch units, as well as demonstrating the presence of two structurally separated Alpine tectonic units. Thus, a direct correlation with the Ybbsitz Zone is not supported, and an original paleogeographic position in the transition from the Penninic Ocean to the Austroalpine continental fragment is proposed.

Bąk, M., 1999. Cretaceous radiolarian zonation in the Polish part of the Pieniny Klippen Belt (Western Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 50, 21–31.

Bąk, M., 2011. Tethyan radiolarians at the Cenomanian–Turonian Anoxic Event from the Apennines (Umbria-Marche) and the Outer Carpathians: Palaeoecological and Palaeoenvironmental implications. Studia Geologica Polonica, 134, 7–279.

Bąk, K., Bąk, M., 2013. Foraminiferal and radiolarian biostratigraphy of the youngest (Late Albian through Late Cenomanian) sediments of the Tatra massif, Central Western Carpathians. Acta Geologica Polonica, 63 (2), 223–237. https://doi.org/10.2478/agp-2013-0009

Bąk, M., Chodacka, S., Bąk, K., Okoński, S., 2018a. New data on the age and stratigraphic relationships of the Czajakowa Radiolarite Formation in the Pieniny Klippen Belt (Carpathians) based on the radiolarian biostratigraphy in the stratotype section. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1515/agp-2017-0022

Bąk, M., Bąk, K., Michalik, M., 2018b. Decadal to millennial variations in water column parameters in pelagic marine environments of the Western Tethys (Carpathian realm) during Middle–Late Jurassic - Evidence from the radiolarian record. Global and Planetary Change, 162, 148–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.01.010

Baumgartner, P.O., O’Dogherty, L., Goričan, S., Dumitriča-Jud, R., Dumitriča, P., Pillevuit, A., Urquhart, E., Matsuoka, A., Danelian, T., Bartolini, A., Carter, E.S., De Wever, P., Kito, N., Marcucci, M., Steiger, T. 1995. Radiolarian catalogue and systematics of Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Tethyan genera and species. In: Baumgartner, P.O., O’Dogherty, L., Goričan, Š., Urquhart, E., Pillevuit, A., De Wever, P. (Eds.). Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous Radiolaria of Tethys: Occurrences, Systematics, Biochronology. Memoires de Geologie (Lausanne), 23, 37–685.

Beidinger, A., Decker, K., 2014. Quantifying Early Miocene in-sequence and out-of-sequence thrusting at the Alpine-Carpathian junction. Tectonics, 33, 222–252. https://doi.org/10.1002/2012TC003250

Bown, P.R., Cooper, M.K.E., 1998. Jurassic. In: Bown PR (Ed.), Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy. British Micropalaeontological Society Publications Series, Chapman and Hall, London, 34–85.

Cieszkowski, M., Golonka, J., Krobicki, M., Ślączka, A., Oszczypko, N., Waśkowska, A., Wendorf, M., 2009. Northern Carpathian plate tectonic evolutionary stages and origin of olistoliths and olistostromes. Geodynamica Acta, 22, 101–126. https://doi.org/10.3166/ga.22.101-126

Czjzek, J., 1849. Erläuterungen zur geognostischen Karte der Umgebungen Wiens. W. Braumüller, Vienna.

Czjzek, J., 1842. Aptychenschichten in Niederösterreich. Jahrbuch der k. k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 3, 1–7.

Decker, K., 1987. Faziesanalysen der Oberjura- und Neokomschichtfolgen der Grestener und Ybbsitzer Klippen-zone im westlichen Niederösterreich. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Vienna, 248 pp.

Decker, K., 1990: Plate tectonics and pelagic facies: Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous deep-sea sediments of the Ybbsitz ophiolite unit (Eastern Alps, Austria). Sedimentary Geology, 67, 85–99.

De Wever, P., Dumitriča, P., Caulet, J.-P., Nigrini, C., Caridroit, M., 2001. Radiolarians in the Sedimentary Record. Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 533 pp.

Egger, H., 2013. Neue stratigrafische Ergebnisse aus dem Kahlenberg-Gebiet und ihre Bedeutung für die Interpretation des deckenbaus im Wienerwald. In: Gebhardt, H. (Ed.), Arbeitstagung Geologische Bundesanstalt, Wien, 154–170.

Egger, H., Wessely, G., 2014. Wienerwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer, 59. Gebr. Borntraeger, Stuttgart, 202 pp.

Egger, H., Ćorić, S., 2017. Erläuterungen zu Blatt 56 St. Pölten. Geologische Bundesanstalt, Vienna, 167 pp.

Elias, M., Schnabel, W., Stranik, Z., 1990. Comparison of the Flysch Zone of the Eastern Alps and the Western Carpathians based on recent observations. Thirty Years of Geological Cooperation between Austria and Czechoslovakia, 37–46.

Faupl, P., 1975. Kristallinvorkommen und terrigene Sedimentgesteine in der Grestener Klippenzone (Lias – Neokom) von Ober- und Niederösterreich. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 118, 1–74.

Faupl, P., Wagreich, M., 1992. Cretaceous flysch and pelagic sequences of the Eastern Alps: correlations, heavy minerals, and paleogeographic implications. Cretaceous Research, 13, 387–403.

Faupl, P., Wagreich, M., 2000. Late Jurassic to Eocene Palaeogeograpphy and Geodynamics Evolution of the Eastern Alps. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 92, 79–94.

Festa, A., Pini, A.G., Dilek, Y., Codegone, G., 2010. Melanges and melanges –forming processes: a historical overview and new concepts. International Geology Review, 52, 1040–1105. https://doi.org/10.1080/00206810903557704

Gawlick, H.-J., Missoni, S., Schlagintweit, F., Suzuki, H., Frisch, W., Krystyn, L., Blau, J., Lein, R., 2009. Jurassic tectonostratigraphy of the Austroalpine domain. Journal of Alpine Geology, 50, 1–152.

Golonka, J., Krobicki, M., Waśkowska, A., Cieszkowski, M., Ślączka, A., 2017. Discussion of ‘Olistostromes of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Northern Carpathians. Geological Magazine, 154, 193–200. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756815000813

Gottschling, P., 1966. Zur Geologie der Hauptklippenzone und der Laaber Teildecke im Bereich von Glashütte bis Bernreith (Niederösterreich). Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 58, 23–86.

Górka, H., Bąk, M. 2000. Early Oxfordian Radiolaria from Zalas Quarry, Kraków Upland, South Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 70, 165–179. Griesbach, K., 1868. Der Jura von St. Veit bei Wien. Verh. d. k. k. geol. R.-A., 1868, 54.

Griesbach, C. L., 1869. Die Klippen im Wiener Sandsteine. Jahrbuch der k. k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, XIX. Bd., p. 217.

Handy, M. R., Schmid, S. M., Bousquet, R., Kissling, E., Bernoulli, D., 2010. Reconciling plate-tectonic reconstructions of Alpine Tethys with the geological– geophysical record of spreading and subduction in the Alps. Earth-Science Reviews, 102, 121–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.06.002

Hauer, F. v., Richthofen, F. v., 1859. Bericht über geologische Übersichtsaufnahmen im nordöstlichen Ungarn im Sommer 1858. Jahrbuch der k. k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 10, 399–465.

Hochstetter, E. W. v., 1897. Die Klippe von St. Veit bei Wien. Jahrbuch der k. k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, XLVII., 95.

Höck V., Ślączka A., Gasiński M. A., Bąk M., 2005: Konrad-sheim Limestone of the Gresten Klippen Zone (Austria): New insight into its stratigraphic and Paleogeographic setting. Geologica Carpathica, 56, 237–244.

Hók, J., Peskova, I., Potfaj, M., 2009. Lithostratigraphy and tectonic position of the Drietoma Unit (Western part of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians). Mineralia Slovaca, 41, (2009).

Janoschek, R., Küpper, H., Zirkl, E.J., 1956. Beiträge zur Geologie des Klippenbereiches bei Wien. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 47, 235–308.

Kiessling, W., 1999. Late Jurassic Radiolarians from the Antarctic Peninsula. Micropaleontology, 45, (supplement 1), 1–96.

Küpper, H., 1962. Beobachtung in der Hauptklippenzone bei Stollberg. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1962, 263–268.

Mattern, F., Wang, P.J., 2008. Out-of-sequence thrusts and paleogeography of the Rhenodanubian Flysch Belt (Eastern Alps) revisited. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 97, 821–833. https://doi.org/

Michalík, J., Bąk, M., Lintnerová, O., Méres, Š., 2017. Biostratigraphy, geochemistry and sedimentology of Middle to Late Jurassic strata in the Strážovce section (Strážovské vrchy Mts), Krížna Nappe of the Central Carpathians, Slovakia. Volumina Jurassica, 15, 161–178.

Michalík, J., Soták, J., Lintnerová, O., Halásová, E., Bąk, M., Skupien, P., Boorová, D., 2008. The stratigraphic and paleoenvironmental setting of Aptian OAE black shale deposits in the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Slovak Western Carpathians. Cretaceous Research, 29, 871–892. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2008.05.005

Nehyba, S., Opletal, V., 2016. Depositional environment and provenance of the Gresten Formation (Middle Jurassic) on the southeastern slopes of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, subsurface data). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 109/2, 262–276. https://doi.org/10.17738/ajes.2016.0020

Neumayr, M., 1886. Erdgeschichte. 1. Auflg., Leipzig und Wien, 671 pp.

O’Dogherty, L., 1994. Biochronology and paleontology of Mid-Cretaceous radiolarians from Northern Apennines (Italy) and Betic Cordillera (Spain). Mémoires de Géologie (Lausanne), 21, 1–411.

Ožvoldová, L., Faupl, P., 1993. Radiolarien aus kieseligen Schichtgliedern des Juras der Grestener und Ybbsitzer Klippenzone (Ostalpen, Niederösterreich). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 136, 479–494.

Ožvoldová, L., Frantová, L. 1997. Jurassic radiolarites from the eastern part of the Pieniny Klippen Belt (Western Carpathians). Geologica Carpathica, 48, 49–61.

Perch-Nielsen, K., 1985. Mesozoic calcareous nannofossils. In: Bolli, H.M., Saunders, J.B., Perch-Nielsen, K. (eds.), Plankton Stratigraphy, 329-426, (Cambridge Univ. Press) Cambridge.

Peresson, H., Decker, K., 1996. The Tertiary dynamics of the northern Eastern Alps (Austria): changing paleostresses in a collisional plate boundary. Tectonophysics, 272, 125–157.

Pessagno, E.A., Blome, C.D., 1986. Faunal affinities and tectonogenesis of Mesozoic rocks in the Blue Mountain Province of eastern Oregon and western Idaho. In: Vallier, T.L. Brooks, H.C. (Eds), Geology of the Blue Mountain region of Oregon, Idaho and Washington: Biostratigraphy and Paleontology. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Papers, 1435, 65–78.

Pessagno, E.A., Jr., Blome, C.D., Longoria, J.F., 1984. A revised radiolarian zonation for the Upper Jurassic of western North America. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 87 (320), 5–51.

Pfersmann, C., 2013. Stratigraphy, lithofacies and geo-chemistry of the St. Veit Klippenzone and the Flysch units from the Lainz Tunnel, Vienna. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Vienna, 209 pp.

Pfersmann, C., Wagreich, M., 2009. The geology of the western part of the Lainz Tunnel of the Rhenodanubian Flysch Zone in the Wienerwald (Austria): Kahlenberg Formation and Hütteldorf Formation (Cretaceous). Journal of Alpine Geology, 51, 59–71.

Prey, S., 1975. Neue Forschungsergebnisse über Bau und Stellung der Klippenzone des Lainzer Tiergartens in Wien (Österreich). Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1975, 1–25.

Prey, S., 1979. Der Bau der Hauptklippenzone und der Kahlenberger Decke im Raume PurkersdorfWienerwaldsee (Wienerwald). Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1979, 205–228.

Prey, S., 1985. Beobachtungen über die Klippenhülle im Gelände des Faniteums (Wien, XIII. Bezirk) in der St. Veiter Klippenzone. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 128, 217–218.

Prey, S., 1991. Zur tektonischen Position der Klippe der Antonshöhe bei Mauer - Eine Richtigstellung. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 134, 84–847.

Pusch, G.G., 1833. Geognostische Beschreibung von Polen, sowie den übrigen Nordkarpathen-Länder. Cotta, Stuttgart and Tübingen, 279-280.

Schnabel, W., 1979. Arbeitstagung der Geol. B.-A. 1979: Thema Blatt 71 Ybbsitz. Geologische Bundesanstalt, Vienna, 80 pp.

Schnabel, W., 1992. New data on the Flysch Zone of the Eastern Alps in the Austrian sector and new aspects concerning the transition. Cretaceous Research, 13, 405–419.

Schnabel, W., 1997: Geologische Karte der Republik Österreich. Blatt 58 Baden. Geologische Bundesanstalt, Wien.

Schnabel, W. (ed.), 1993. Der Wienerwald. 2. Auflage. Sammlung Geologischer Führer, 59, Berlin-Stuttgart, 168 pp.

Schnabel, W., 1999. The Flysch Zone of the Eastern Alps. Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 49, 27–35.

Schnabel, W. (ed.), 2002. Geologie der Österreichischen Bundesländer, Niederösterreich, Geologische Karte 1:200 000. Geologische Bundesanstalt, Wien.

Schuster, R., Daurer, A., Krenmayr, H.G., Linner, M., Mandl, G.W., Pestal, G., Reitner, J.M., 2014. Rocky Austria. Geologische Bundesanstalt, Vienna, 80 pp.

Ślączka, A., 2007. Bericht 2006 über geologische Aufnahmen in der Flysch- und Klipenzone auf Blatt 57 Neulengbach. Jahrbuch Geologische Bundesanstalt, 147, 630–635.

Ślączka, A., 2012. Bericht 2007 über geologische Aufnahmen im Gebiet Klamm–Innerfurth–Forsthof–Schöpflauf Blatt 57 Neulengbach. Jahrbuch Geologische Bundesanstalt, 152, 233–236.

Ślączka, A., Gasiński, M.A., Bąk, M., Wessely, G., 2009. The clasts of Cretaceous marls in the conglomerates of the Konradsheim Formation (Pöchlau quarry, Gresten Klippen Zone, Austria). Geologica Carpathica, 60, 151–164. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10096-009-0010-7

Stampfli, G.M., Borel, G., Marchant, R., Mosar, J., 2002. Western Alps geological constraints on western Tethyan reconstructions. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, 8, 77–106.

Stranik, Z., Bubik, M., Marschalko, R., Svabenická, L., Vujta, M., 1995. New lithostratygraphy of the Hluk development of the Bile Karpaty unit. Geologicke prace, Spravy, 100, 57–69.

Svabenická, L., Bubik. M., Krejci, O., Stranik., Z., 1997. Stratigraphy of Cretaceous sediments of the Magura Flysch in Moravia (Czech Republic). Geologica Carpathica, 48, 179–191.

Stur, D., 1894. Erläuterungen zur Geologischen Specialkarte der Umgebung von Wien. Verlag d. k. fc. geol. R.-A., Vienna, p. 40 ff.

Tollmann, A., 1976. Analyse des klassischen nordalpinen Mesozoikums: Stratigraphie, Fauna und Fazies der Nördlichen Kalkalpen. Franz Deuticke, Vienna, 580 pp.

Tollmann, A., 1985. Geologie von Österreich. Band II: Außerzentralalpiner Anteil. Franz Deuticke, Vienna, 710 pp.

Trauth, F., 1930. Geologie der Klippenregion von Ober-St. Veit und des Lainzer Tiergartens. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 21, 35–132.

Trauth, F., 1950. Die fazielle Ausbildung und Gliederung des Oberjura in den nördlichen Ostalpen. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1948, 145–218.

Trautwein, B., Dunkl, I., Frisch, W., 2001. Accretionary history of the Rhenodanubian Flysch zone in the Eastern Alps—evidence from apatite fission-track geochronology. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 90, 703–713. https://doi.org/10.1007/s005310000184

Uhlig, V., 1890. Ergebnisse geologischer Aufnahmen in den westgalizischen Karpathen. II. Teil: Der pieninische Klippenzug. Jahrbuch der k. k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 40, p. 814.

Wagreich, M., 2008. Lithostratigraphic definition and depositional model of the Hütteldorf Formation (Upper Albian - Turonian, Rhenodanubian Flysch Zone, Austria). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 101, 70–80.

Wagreich, M., 2012. Bericht 2007 über geologische Aufnahmen in der Buntmergelserie auf Blatt 56 St. Pölten. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 152, p. 231.

Wagreich, M., Pfersmann, C., Aubrecht, R., Plašienka, D., 2012. The westernmost end of the Pieniny Klippen Belt in Austria - the St. Veit Klippenzone and its correlation into the Carpathians. In: Józsa, Š., Reháková, D., Vojtko, R. (eds.), Environmental, Structural and Stratigraphical Evolution of the Western Carpathians. 8th Conference 2012, December 6-7, 2012, Bratislava, Abstract Book, p. 53.

Wessely, G., 2006. Geologie der österreichischen Bundesländer: Niederösterreich. 1–416, Geologische Bundesanstalt, Vienna.

Widder, R.W., 1988. Zur Stratigraphie, Fazies und Tektonik der Grestener Klippenzone zwischen Maria Neustift und Pechgraben/O.Ö. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft der Geologie und Bergbaustudenten Österreichs, 34/35, 79–133.

Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences

An international journal of the Austrian Geological Society

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 151 151 62
PDF Downloads 128 128 75