The Effect of Addition of Titanium on The Structure and Properties of High Chromium Cast Iron

Open access


The paper presents results of Ti-addition to High Chromium Cast Iron (HCCI) on the structure and selected mechanical properties. For this study casted two sets of cylinders with dimensions ø20 mm, ø15 mm × 250 mm, for the High Chromium Cast Iron (HCCI) and with the 4% by mass Ti-addition. Melts were performed in the induction furnace crucible capacity of 15 kg. During the heats the cup with installed S type thermocouple was poured to record the cooling curves. The cylinders were subjected to the static bending strength test. Samples for the test microstructure and Rockwell hardness were cut from the cylinders. The study shows that the addition of titanium had an impact on the structure and thus the properties of High Chromium Cast Iron (HCCI). In subsequent studies, through an appropriate choice of chemical composition and proper process control, it is planned to obtain in the structure the titanium carbides TiC and chromium carbides with type (Cr, Fe)7C3.

[1] Podrzucki, Cz. (1991). Cast Iron. Cracow: ZG STOP Publication (in Polish).

[2] Studnicki, A. (2013). The role of selected modifiers in crystallization of chromium cast iron with high wear resistance. AFE, Monograph (in Polish).

[3] Pietrowski, St. & Pisarek, B. (1990). The assessment of chromium cast iron structure using ATD method. Solidification of Metals and Alloy. 16, 179-190 (in Polish).

[4] Gromczyk, M., Kondracki, M., Studnicki, A. & Szajnar, J. (2015). Stereological Analysis of Carbides in Hypoeutectic Chromium Cast. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 15(2), 17-21.

[5] Qiang, Liu (2012). Control of Wear-Resistant Properties in Ti-added Hypereutectic High Chromium Cast Iron. Licentiate Thesis, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

[6] Kopyciński, D., Guzik, E. & Piasny, S. (2011). The structure of abrasion-resisting castings made of chromium cast iron. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 11(1), 61-64.

[7] Kopyciński, D., Piasny, S. (2012). Influence of tungsten and titanium on the structure of chromium cast iron. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 12(2), 57-60.

[8] Kopyciński, D. (2009). Analysis of the structure of castings made from chromium white cast iron resistant to abrasive wear. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 9(4), 109-112.

[9] Kawalec, M. (2014). Morphology of carbides crystallizing in Fe-C-V and Fe-C-V-Si alloys. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. 59, 1051-1054.

[10] Kawalec, M. (2014). Microstructure control of high-alloyed white cast iron. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 14(1), 49-54.

Archives of Foundry Engineering

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

CiteScore 2016: 0.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.192
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.316


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 136 130 7
PDF Downloads 77 74 6