The Investigation of Mercury Contents in Polish Coal Samples

Open access

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the investigation associated with the determination of mercury content in Polish hard coal and lignite samples. Those coals are major fuels used for electricity generation in Poland. The results indicated that the average content of mercury in the coal samples was roughly about 100 ng/g. Apart from the determination of the mercury contents a detailed ultimate and proximate analysis of the coal samples was also carried out. The relationships between the mercury content and ash, as well as fixed carbon, volatile matter, sulfur, and high heating value of the coal samples were also established. Furthermore, the effect of coal enrichment was also investigated, and it was found that the enrichment process enabled the removal of up to 75% of the coal mercury from the samples.

[1] Affolter, R.B. (2000). Quality characterization of cretaceous coal from the Colorado Plateau Assessment Area, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625-B, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2000.

[2] Bojarska, K. (2006). Concentration of mercury in Polish hard coals, MEC3 Third International Expert’sworkshop, Katowice June 5-7 2006.

[3] Dabrowski, J.M., Ashton, P.J., Murray, K., Leaner, J.J., & Mason, R.P. (2008). Anthropogenic mercury emissions in South Africa: Coal combustion in power plants, Atmospheric Environment (42), 6620-6626.

[4] Feng, X.B., & Hong, Y.T. (1999). Modes of occurrence of mercury in coals from Guizhou People's Republic of China, Fuel, (78), 1181-1188.

[5] Głodek, A., & Pacyna, J.M. (2009). Mercury emission from coal-fired power plants in Poland, AtmosphericEnvironment, (43), 5668-5673.

[6] Higueras, P., Oyarzun, R., Biester, H., Lillo, J., & Lorenzo, S. (2003). A first insight into mercury distribution and speciation in soils from the Almaden mining district, Spain, Journal of GeochemicalExploration, (80), 95-104.

[7] Higueras, P., Oyarzun, R., Lunar, R., Sierra, J., & Parras, J. (1999). The Las Cuevas deposit, Almaden district (Spain): an unusual case of deep-seated advanced argillic alteration related to mercury mineralization, Mineralium Deposita, (34), 211-214.

[8] Hławiczka, S., Kubica, K., Zielonka, U., & Wilkosz, U. (2001). Właściwości emisji metali ciężkich w procesie spalania węgla w paleniskach domowych, Archiwum Ochrony Środowiska, (27), 29-45.

[9] Kolker, A., Panov, B.S., Panov, Y.B., Landa, E.R., Conko, K.M., Korchemagin, V.A., Shendrik, T., & Mccord J.D. (2009). Mercury and trace element contents of Donbas coals and associated mine water in the vicinity of Donetsk Ukraine, International Journal of Coal Geology, (79), 83-91.

[10] Liu, G., Zheng, L., Zhang, Y., Qi, C., Chen, Y., & Peng, Z. (2007). Distribution and mode of occurrence ofAs, Hg and Se and Sulfur in coal Seam 3 of the Shanxi Formation, Yanzhou Coalfield, China, International Journal of Coal Geology, (71), 371-385.

[11] Luo, K.L., Wang, W.Y., Yao, G.H., Mi, J.C., Zhang, H.M., & Yang L.S. (2000). Mercury content and its distribution in Permo-carboniferous coal in Weibei area, Shannxi, Coal Geological Exploration, (28).

[12] Smoliński, A. (2007). Energetyczne wykorzystanie węgla źródłem emisji rtęci - porównanie zawartości tego pierwiastka w węglach, Ochrona Powietrza i Problemy Odpadów, (41).

[13] Swaine, D.J., & Goodarzi, F. (1995). Environmental aspects of trace elements in coal. The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

[14] Toole-O`Neil, B., Tewalt, S.J., Finkelman, R.B., & Akers, D.J. (1999). Mercury concentration in coal - unraveling the puzzle, Fuel, (78), 47-54.

[15] Wojnar, K., & Wiszm J. (2006). Rtęć w polskiej energetyce, Energetyka, 4 (59).

[16] Yudovich, Y.E., & Ketris, M.P. (2005). Mercury in coal: a review Part 1. Geochemistry, InternationalJournal of Coal Geology, (62), 107-134.

[17] Zheng, L., Liu, G., & Chou, C.-L. (2007). The distribution, occurrence and environmental effect of mercury in Chinese coals, Science of the Total Environmental, (384), 374-383.

[18] United Nation Environment Programme Chemicals (2002). Global Mercury Assessment, UNEP Chemicals, Geneva, December 2002.

[19] Kobyłecki, R., Wichliński, M., & Bis, Z. (2006). Efficient removal of mercury by autothermal fuel ugrading technology, 3rd Int. Experts' Workshop MEC3 - Mercury Emissions from Coal, 5-7 June 2006, Katowice, Poland.

[20] Kobyłecki, R., Wichliński, & M., Bis, Z. (2007). Emisja rtęci z polskich węgli energetycznych. WTiUE, s. 269-274. Kraków: Współczesne Technologie i Urządzenia Energetyczne, 2007.

[21] Wichliński, M., Kobyłecki, R., & Bis, Z. (2007). Emisja rtęci podczas termiczej obróbki paliw, Politykaenergetyczna, (14), s. 191-203.

[22] Pacyna, J., & Pacyna, E. (2008). Metale ciężkie w środowisku jako problem ogólnoeuropejskim in Metale ciężkie w środowisku. In. Prace Instytutu Ekologii Terenów Uprzemysłowionych. Hławiczka S. (Ed.), Wydawnictwo Ekonomia i Środowisko, Białystok, 11-31.

[23] Bis, Z. (2010). Kotły fluidalne. Teoria i praktyka. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Częstochowskiej.

Archives of Environmental Protection

The Journal of Institute of Environmental Engineering and Committee of Environmental Engineering of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.708
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.835

CiteScore 2017: 1.01

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.371
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.737

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 146 146 19
PDF Downloads 55 55 6