Antioxidant Activity and Mechanism in Flower of Hylocereus Undatus (Haw.) Britt. Et Rose

Open access

Abstract

Hylocereus undatus flower is commonly used as food or for medicinal purposes in south China. To study its antioxidant activity and mechanism we used antioxidant and chemical assays to compare two commercial samples from different locations (Shenjing, Qixing). The difference in antioxidant levels corresponded with differences in chemical content (including total phenolics, total flavonoids, kaempferol and quercetin) between Shenjing and Qixing. The antioxidant ability of H. undatus flower seems attributable to total phenolics (mainly total flavonoids). Kaempferol is one of the main bioactive components. H. undatus flower exerts its antioxidant effects through metal chelation and radical scavenging via hydrogen atom (H•) and electron (e) donation.

ALIAGA C, and LISSI EA. 1998. Reaction of 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) derived radicals with hydroperoxides: Kinetics and mechanism. International Journal of Chemical Kinetics 30: 565-570.

BONDET V, BRAND-WILLIAMS W, and BERSET C. 1997. Kinetics and mechanisms of antioxidant activity using the DPPH• free radical method. LWT - Food Science andTechnology 30: 609-615.

DIMITRIOS IT, and VASSILIKI O. 2006. The contribution of flavonoid C-ring on the DPPH free radical scavenging efficiency. A kinetic approach for the 3',4'-hydroxy substituted members. Innovative Food Science & EmergingTechnologies 7: 140-146.

FANG Y, and ZHENG R. 2002. Reactive oxygen species. In: Theory and Application of Free Radical Biology. Science Press, Beijing.

FILIPENKO PS, and SALII IS. 2007. Lipid peroxidation in patients with epidemic parotitis complicated by pancreatitis. Klinicheskaia Meditsina 85: 52-54.

HALLIWELL B. 2000. Lipid peroxidation, antioxidants and cardiovascular disease: how should we move forward? Cardiovascular Research 47: 410-418.

KHANDUJA KL, and ANJANA B. 2003. Stable free radical scavenging and antiperoxidative properties of resveratrol compared. Indian Journal of Biochemistry &Biophysics 40: 416-421.

LI XC, WU XT, and HUANG L. 2009. Correlation between antioxidant activities and phenolic contents of radix Angelicae Sinensis (Danggui). Molecule 14: 5349-5361.

LI XC. 2012. Improved pyrogallol autoxidation method: a reliable and cheap superoxide-scavenging assay suitable for all antioxidants. Journal of Agricultural and FoodChemistry 60: 6418-6424.

LI XC, LIN J, GAO Y, HAN W, and CHEN D. 2012a. Antioxidant ability and mechanism of Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala. Molecules 17: 13457-13472.

LI XC, LIN J, HAN W, MAI W, WANG L, LI Q, LIN M, BAI M, ZHANG L, CHEN D. 2012b. Antioxidant activity and mechanism of Rhizoma cimicifugae. Chemistry CentralJournal 6: 140.

LIANG XH, LI ZB, and WANG QX. 1995. Study on the lipid-lowering function and dietary fiber extraction efficiency of flower from Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britt. & Rose. Guangzhou Food Industry Science and Technology 1: 60-61.

NOVITSKII VV, STRELIS AK, TKACHENKO SB, ESIMOVA IE, SHIL'KO TA, and URAZOVA OI. 2005. LPO and apoptosis during pulmonary tuberculosis. Bulletin of ExperimentalBiology and Medicine 140: 489-491.

SDVIGOVA AG, PANASENKO OM, LUK'IASHCHENKO VI, SERGIENKO VI, and LOPUKHIN IUM. 1993. Correction of lipoprotein lipid peroxidation in experimental atherosclerosis with polyunsaturated fatty acids combined with antioxidants. Voprosy Meditsinskoi Khimii 39: 30-33.

SOWELL J, FREI B, STEVENS and JAN F. 2004. Vitamin C conjugates of genotoxic lipid peroxidation products: Structural characterization and detection in human plasma. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ofthe USA 101: 17964-17969.

TORREGGIANI A, TAMBA M, TRINCHERO A, and BONORA S. 2005. Copper (II)-Quercetin complexes in aqueous solutions: spectroscopic and kinetic properties. Journal ofMolecular Structure 759: 759-766.

WU X, WANG Y, HUANG XJ, FAN CL, WANG GC, ZHANG XQ, ZHANG QW, and YE WC. 2011. Three new glycosides from Hylocereus undatus. Journal Asian Natural ProductResearch 13: 728-733.

YE Q. 1999. Flower vegetables. In: New Dietary of China, vol. 2. Guangdong higher education Press, Guangdong.

YI Y, WU X, WANG Y, and YE WC. 2011. Studies on the flavonoids from the flowers of Hylocereus undatus. TheJournal of Chinese Medicine (Zhong Yao Cai) 34: 712-716.

YI Y, ZHANG QW, LI SL, WANG Y, YE WC, ZHAO J, and WANG YT. 2012. Simultaneous quantification of major flavonoids in "Bawanghua", the edible flower of Hylocereus undatus using pressurised liquid extraction and high performance liquid chromatography. Food Chemistry 135: 528-533.

ZHENG RL, and HUANG ZY. 2007. The characterization and definition of radical. In: Free Radical Biology. Chinese Higher Education Press, Beijing.

ZHONGHUA BENCAO EDITORIAL BOARD. 2004. Cactaceae. In: Zhonghua Bencao, vol. 6. Shanghai Science and Technology Publishers, Shanghai.

ZHOU DB. 2001. Hylocereus undatus. In: Potted OfficinalFlowers and Medical Application. Heilongjiang Science and Technology Press, Heilongjiang.

Acta Biologica Cracoviensia s. Botanica

The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.491
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.787

CiteScore 2016: 0.51

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.242
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.264

Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 20 points

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 325 316 21
PDF Downloads 145 141 11